Southern Africa
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Southern Africa

Population

173,613,198

Area

5,247,721 km²

GDP total

$515,289.08 million

Countries

Botswana, Comoros, eSwatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

4.44

Criminality Score

5th of 5 African regions

Criminal Actors

4.82

Mafia-Style Groups

2.62

Criminal Networks

5.12

State-Embedded Actors

5.65

Foreign Actors

5.88

Criminal market

4.05

Human Trafficking

4.08

Human Smuggling

3.12

Arms Trafficking

3.88

Flora Crimes

4.19

Fauna Crimes

5.69

Non-renewable-resource crimes

4.46

Heroin Trade

4.88

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

4.19

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.54

4.27

Resilience Score

1st of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

4.62

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.12

International Cooperation

4.50

National Policies and Laws

5.38

Judicial System and Detention

4.27

Law Enforcement

4.35

Territorial Integrity

4.42

Anti-Money Laundering

4.46

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.31

Victim and Witness Support

2.77

Prevention

2.88

Non-State Actors

5.12

4.27 4.82 4.05 4.27 4.82 4.05

Southern Africa, comprising 13 countries, was found to be the lowest-scoring region in Africa for criminality, with the regional averages for criminality (4.44), criminal markets (4.05) and criminal actors (4.82) the lowest of the five regions.

Just as the region is the best-performing region with regards to criminality, Southern Africa also has the highest average resilience score on the continent.

Sudan

Capital

Khartoum

Population

41,801,533

Area

1,882,000 km²

Coastline Length

853 km

Landborder Length

6,819 km

GDP total

$40,851.54 million

GDP per capita

$977.27

GINI Index

35.4

6.38

Criminality Score

6th of 54 African countries

3rd of 9 East Africa countries

Criminal Actors

7.00

Mafia-Style Groups

5.00

Criminal Networks

7.50

State-Embedded Actors

8.00

Foreign Actors

7.50

Criminal market

5.75

Human Trafficking

8.50

Human Smuggling

8.00

Arms Trafficking

9.00

Flora Crimes

1.50

Fauna Crimes

5.00

Non-renewable-resource crimes

8.50

Heroin Trade

2.00

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

8.50

Synthetic Drugs Trade

4.00

2.83

Resilience Score

38th of 54 African countries

6th of 9 East Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

3.00

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.00

International Cooperation

4.00

National Policies and Laws

6.50

Judicial System and Detention

3.50

Law Enforcement

3.50

Territorial Integrity

2.00

Anti-Money Laundering

4.00

Economic Regulatory Environment

2.50

Victim and Witness Support

1.00

Prevention

1.00

Non-State Actors

1.00

2.83 7.00 5.75 2.83 7.00 5.75

Sudan ranks 6th in the Index for criminality, with high scores for multiple criminal markets and criminal actor types.

This is mostly due to its role as a major transit country for arms trafficking, human trafficking, human smuggling and the illicit trade in non-renewable resources. Although Sudan is not a major transit country for drugs, local cannabis production and consumption are high. Experts note the presence of established criminal networks, state-embedded actors and foreign actors, all of which contribute to organised crime. Sudan scores relatively poorly on resilience, ranking 38th in Africa, though some indicators are deemed to be moderately effective. The failure to address organised crime appears to stem mostly from lack of political will, undoubtedly influenced by high levels of involvement of state officials in illicit trade flows.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.