Southern Africa
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Southern Africa

Population

173,613,198

Area

5,247,721 km²

GDP total

$515,289.08 million

Countries

Botswana, Comoros, eSwatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

4.44

Criminality Score

5th of 5 African regions

Criminal Actors

4.82

Mafia-Style Groups

2.62

Criminal Networks

5.12

State-Embedded Actors

5.65

Foreign Actors

5.88

Criminal market

4.05

Human Trafficking

4.08

Human Smuggling

3.12

Arms Trafficking

3.88

Flora Crimes

4.19

Fauna Crimes

5.69

Non-renewable-resource crimes

4.46

Heroin Trade

4.88

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

4.19

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.54

4.27

Resilience Score

1st of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

4.62

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.12

International Cooperation

4.50

National Policies and Laws

5.38

Judicial System and Detention

4.27

Law Enforcement

4.35

Territorial Integrity

4.42

Anti-Money Laundering

4.46

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.31

Victim and Witness Support

2.77

Prevention

2.88

Non-State Actors

5.12

4.27 4.82 4.05 4.27 4.82 4.05

Southern Africa, comprising 13 countries, was found to be the lowest-scoring region in Africa for criminality, with the regional averages for criminality (4.44), criminal markets (4.05) and criminal actors (4.82) the lowest of the five regions.

Just as the region is the best-performing region with regards to criminality, Southern Africa also has the highest average resilience score on the continent.

Sierra Leone

Capital

Freetown

Population

7,650,154

Area

72,180 km²

Coastline Length

402 km

Landborder Length

1,093 km

GDP total

$3,999.95 million

GDP per capita

$522.86

GINI Index

34.0

5.00

Criminality Score

23rd of 54 African countries

7th of 15 West Africa countries

Criminal Actors

5.00

Mafia-Style Groups

1.00

Criminal Networks

5.50

State-Embedded Actors

7.00

Foreign Actors

6.50

Criminal market

5.00

Human Trafficking

5.00

Human Smuggling

2.50

Arms Trafficking

5.00

Flora Crimes

6.50

Fauna Crimes

6.50

Non-renewable-resource crimes

7.00

Heroin Trade

2.00

Cocaine Trade

4.00

Cannabis Trade

7.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

4.50

3.33

Resilience Score

32nd of 54 African countries

12th of 15 West Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

3.00

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.50

International Cooperation

4.00

National Policies and Laws

2.50

Judicial System and Detention

3.00

Law Enforcement

4.00

Territorial Integrity

4.00

Anti-Money Laundering

3.00

Economic Regulatory Environment

3.00

Victim and Witness Support

2.50

Prevention

3.00

Non-State Actors

5.50

3.33 5.00 5.00 3.33 5.00 5.00

Sierra Leone scores marginally above the African average for criminality, ranking 23rd in the Index.

The country’s most prominent criminal markets are those pertaining to the environmental sector, all three of which having a significant negative impact in Sierra Leone. Pangolin trafficking, illegal diamond mining and illicit logging activities all contribute to the high environmental-crime scores – from 6.5 to 7. Also noteworthy is the widespread production and consumption of cannabis, reported as having permeated every sector of Sierra Leonean society. State-embedded criminal actors are particularly influential in Sierra Leone, at best doing very little to stem organised-criminal activity and, in many cases, actively involved in it. Foreign criminal actors are also prominent, operating primarily in the environmental-crime markets. In terms of resilience, Sierra Leone performs relatively poorly, ranking 32nd in Africa, below the continental average. The country’s legislative framework on organised crime is weak, hampered by endemic corruption and underfunded institutions. Nevertheless, the civil society landscape in Sierra Leone is vibrant, with non-state actors often filling crucial gaps in the provision of public services.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.