Southern Africa
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Southern Africa

Population

173,613,198

Area

5,247,721 km²

GDP total

$515,289.08 million

Countries

Botswana, Comoros, eSwatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

4.44

Criminality Score

5th of 5 African regions

Criminal Actors

4.82

Mafia-Style Groups

2.62

Criminal Networks

5.12

State-Embedded Actors

5.65

Foreign Actors

5.88

Criminal market

4.05

Human Trafficking

4.08

Human Smuggling

3.12

Arms Trafficking

3.88

Flora Crimes

4.19

Fauna Crimes

5.69

Non-renewable-resource crimes

4.46

Heroin Trade

4.88

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

4.19

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.54

4.27

Resilience Score

1st of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

4.62

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.12

International Cooperation

4.50

National Policies and Laws

5.38

Judicial System and Detention

4.27

Law Enforcement

4.35

Territorial Integrity

4.42

Anti-Money Laundering

4.46

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.31

Victim and Witness Support

2.77

Prevention

2.88

Non-State Actors

5.12

4.27 4.82 4.05 4.27 4.82 4.05

Southern Africa, comprising 13 countries, was found to be the lowest-scoring region in Africa for criminality, with the regional averages for criminality (4.44), criminal markets (4.05) and criminal actors (4.82) the lowest of the five regions.

Just as the region is the best-performing region with regards to criminality, Southern Africa also has the highest average resilience score on the continent.

eSwatini

Capital

Mbabane

Population

1,136,191

Area

17,200 km²

Landborder Length

546 km

GDP total

$4,703.79 million

GDP per capita

$4,139.96

GINI Index

51.5

3.49

Criminality Score

50th of 54 African countries

12th of 13 Southern Africa countries

Criminal Actors

3.63

Mafia-Style Groups

2.00

Criminal Networks

5.50

State-Embedded Actors

3.00

Foreign Actors

4.00

Criminal market

3.35

Human Trafficking

4.00

Human Smuggling

3.00

Arms Trafficking

4.00

Flora Crimes

2.00

Fauna Crimes

2.00

Non-renewable-resource crimes

3.00

Heroin Trade

4.00

Cocaine Trade

3.00

Cannabis Trade

6.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

2.50

2.96

Resilience Score

37th of 54 African countries

11th of 13 Southern Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

3.50

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.50

International Cooperation

3.00

National Policies and Laws

4.00

Judicial System and Detention

3.00

Law Enforcement

3.00

Territorial Integrity

3.50

Anti-Money Laundering

4.00

Economic Regulatory Environment

2.00

Victim and Witness Support

2.50

Prevention

2.00

Non-State Actors

2.50

2.96 3.63 3.35 2.96 3.63 3.35

eSwatini ranks 50th in Africa for criminality, indicating that criminal actors and markets in the country are generally not as prevalent as in other African states.

There are concerns over human trafficking and arms trafficking, but eSwatini is primarily a transit country for these markets, especially to South Africa. In terms of drug markets, experts note the significant influence of the cannabis trade as having a negative impact on society. There are also concerns over the trafficking of heroin and cocaine in eSwatini. Violent crime is an area of concern in the country. Most criminal activity is perpetrated by small gangs with links to criminal organisations in South Africa and Mozambique. In terms of resilience, eSwatini is ranked 37th, despite its progress in the development of national policies and laws and international cooperation. The country is still facing severe challenges with regard to their judicial system and social protection measures. Experts consider other areas, such as the freedom in the economic regulatory environment and capacity of law enforcement, to be non-effective or extremely ineffective. Consequently, the country is ill equipped to deal with organised crime.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.