Southern Africa
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Southern Africa

Population

173,613,198

Area

5,247,721 km²

GDP total

$515,289.08 million

Countries

Botswana, Comoros, eSwatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

4.44

Criminality Score

5th of 5 African regions

Criminal Actors

4.82

Mafia-Style Groups

2.62

Criminal Networks

5.12

State-Embedded Actors

5.65

Foreign Actors

5.88

Criminal market

4.05

Human Trafficking

4.08

Human Smuggling

3.12

Arms Trafficking

3.88

Flora Crimes

4.19

Fauna Crimes

5.69

Non-renewable-resource crimes

4.46

Heroin Trade

4.88

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

4.19

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.54

4.27

Resilience Score

1st of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

4.62

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.12

International Cooperation

4.50

National Policies and Laws

5.38

Judicial System and Detention

4.27

Law Enforcement

4.35

Territorial Integrity

4.42

Anti-Money Laundering

4.46

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.31

Victim and Witness Support

2.77

Prevention

2.88

Non-State Actors

5.12

4.27 4.82 4.05 4.27 4.82 4.05

Southern Africa, comprising 13 countries, was found to be the lowest-scoring region in Africa for criminality, with the regional averages for criminality (4.44), criminal markets (4.05) and criminal actors (4.82) the lowest of the five regions.

Just as the region is the best-performing region with regards to criminality, Southern Africa also has the highest average resilience score on the continent.

Malawi

Capital

Lilongwe

Population

18,143,315

Area

94,280 km²

Landborder Length

2,857 km

GDP total

$7,064.97 million

GDP per capita

$389.40

GINI Index

44.7

3.88

Criminality Score

43rd of 54 African countries

8th of 13 Southern Africa countries

Criminal Actors

3.75

Mafia-Style Groups

2.00

Criminal Networks

3.50

State-Embedded Actors

4.50

Foreign Actors

5.00

Criminal market

4.00

Human Trafficking

4.50

Human Smuggling

3.00

Arms Trafficking

4.00

Flora Crimes

4.00

Fauna Crimes

6.50

Non-renewable-resource crimes

4.00

Heroin Trade

4.00

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

6.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

1.50

4.38

Resilience Score

19th of 54 African countries

6th of 13 Southern Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

5.00

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.50

International Cooperation

4.50

National Policies and Laws

5.50

Judicial System and Detention

5.00

Law Enforcement

4.50

Territorial Integrity

2.50

Anti-Money Laundering

6.00

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.00

Victim and Witness Support

2.00

Prevention

3.00

Non-State Actors

6.00

4.38 3.75 4.00 4.38 3.75 4.00

Malawi ranks 43rd for criminality, primarily due to general the absence of any criminal markets that have any significant impact on society.

High scores for the cannabis trade and fauna crimes, however, indicate these are the most significant criminal markets in Malawi. While the majority of criminal markets are described as active, they are not as pervasive as in other African countries. State-embedded actors and foreign actors the most influence criminal actors in Malawi and are reported to be prevalent in human trafficking and wildlife trafficking. In terms of resilience, ranking 19th in Africa, Malawi is assessed to have greater levels of resilience than the majority of African states. Its porous borders have led to Malawi becoming a transit country for all types of organised crime, though the government is working with the UN to combat this. Prevention measures and frameworks are in place, but due to the porous borders and lack of resources for law enforcement, their effectiveness is often limited.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.