Southern Africa
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Southern Africa

Population

173,613,198

Area

5,247,721 km²

GDP total

$515,289.08 million

Countries

Botswana, Comoros, eSwatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

4.44

Criminality Score

5th of 5 African regions

Criminal Actors

4.82

Mafia-Style Groups

2.62

Criminal Networks

5.12

State-Embedded Actors

5.65

Foreign Actors

5.88

Criminal market

4.05

Human Trafficking

4.08

Human Smuggling

3.12

Arms Trafficking

3.88

Flora Crimes

4.19

Fauna Crimes

5.69

Non-renewable-resource crimes

4.46

Heroin Trade

4.88

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

4.19

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.54

4.27

Resilience Score

1st of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

4.62

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.12

International Cooperation

4.50

National Policies and Laws

5.38

Judicial System and Detention

4.27

Law Enforcement

4.35

Territorial Integrity

4.42

Anti-Money Laundering

4.46

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.31

Victim and Witness Support

2.77

Prevention

2.88

Non-State Actors

5.12

4.27 4.82 4.05 4.27 4.82 4.05

Southern Africa, comprising 13 countries, was found to be the lowest-scoring region in Africa for criminality, with the regional averages for criminality (4.44), criminal markets (4.05) and criminal actors (4.82) the lowest of the five regions.

Just as the region is the best-performing region with regards to criminality, Southern Africa also has the highest average resilience score on the continent.

Central African Republic

Capital

Bangui

Population

4,666,377

Area

622,980 km²

Landborder Length

5,920 km

GDP total

$2,379.72 million

GDP per capita

$509.97

GINI Index

56.2

6.87

Criminality Score

3rd of 54 African countries

2nd of 11 Central Africa countries

Criminal Actors

7.88

Mafia-Style Groups

8.50

Criminal Networks

8.00

State-Embedded Actors

7.50

Foreign Actors

7.50

Criminal market

5.85

Human Trafficking

7.00

Human Smuggling

5.00

Arms Trafficking

8.50

Flora Crimes

6.50

Fauna Crimes

8.00

Non-renewable-resource crimes

9.00

Heroin Trade

3.00

Cocaine Trade

1.50

Cannabis Trade

3.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

7.00

1.50

Resilience Score

52nd of 54 African countries

11th of 11 Central Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

1.50

Government Transparency and Accountability

1.50

International Cooperation

4.00

National Policies and Laws

1.50

Judicial System and Detention

1.00

Law Enforcement

1.00

Territorial Integrity

1.00

Anti-Money Laundering

1.00

Economic Regulatory Environment

1.50

Victim and Witness Support

1.00

Prevention

1.00

Non-State Actors

2.00

1.50 7.88 5.85 1.50 7.88 5.85

Organised crime in the Central African Republic (CAR) – ranking 3rd in Africa for criminality – is highly pervasive and has a widespread negative impact on society, due to both the severity of criminal markets and the influence of criminal actors.

Scores across nearly all criminal markets are very poor. Illicit mining and trafficking of diamonds are omnipresent throughout the CAR, and mafia-style groups are heavily involved in these activities. These groups are also often involved in other high-scoring criminal markets, such as arms trafficking and the fauna criminal market, in which foreign actors play an influential role. Organised crime is ubiquitous and experts note the CAR’s state apparatus has failed for years, which is reflected in the nation being ranked 52nd in Africa for resilience. There is no evidence of any polices or strategies having been implemented to prevent organised crime, and capacity to combat it is non-existent. Corruption is reported to be highly prevalent in government, which often cooperates with and facilitates the criminal actors that operate in the country. This, combined with the porous borders and the dominance of mafia style groups, leads the CAR to be highly affected by organised crime, with no signs of change.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.