Southern Africa
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Southern Africa

Population

173,613,198

Area

5,247,721 km²

GDP total

$515,289.08 million

Countries

Botswana, Comoros, eSwatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

4.44

Criminality Score

5th of 5 African regions

Criminal Actors

4.82

Mafia-Style Groups

2.62

Criminal Networks

5.12

State-Embedded Actors

5.65

Foreign Actors

5.88

Criminal market

4.05

Human Trafficking

4.08

Human Smuggling

3.12

Arms Trafficking

3.88

Flora Crimes

4.19

Fauna Crimes

5.69

Non-renewable-resource crimes

4.46

Heroin Trade

4.88

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

4.19

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.54

4.27

Resilience Score

1st of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

4.62

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.12

International Cooperation

4.50

National Policies and Laws

5.38

Judicial System and Detention

4.27

Law Enforcement

4.35

Territorial Integrity

4.42

Anti-Money Laundering

4.46

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.31

Victim and Witness Support

2.77

Prevention

2.88

Non-State Actors

5.12

4.27 4.82 4.05 4.27 4.82 4.05

Southern Africa, comprising 13 countries, was found to be the lowest-scoring region in Africa for criminality, with the regional averages for criminality (4.44), criminal markets (4.05) and criminal actors (4.82) the lowest of the five regions.

Just as the region is the best-performing region with regards to criminality, Southern Africa also has the highest average resilience score on the continent.

Botswana

Capital

Gaborone

Population

2,254,126

Area

566,730 km²

Landborder Length

4,347 km

GDP total

$18,616.02 million

GDP per capita

$8,258.64

GINI Index

53.3

3.34

Criminality Score

51st of 54 African countries

13th of 13 Southern Africa countries

Criminal Actors

3.38

Mafia-Style Groups

1.00

Criminal Networks

4.50

State-Embedded Actors

3.00

Foreign Actors

5.00

Criminal market

3.30

Human Trafficking

3.50

Human Smuggling

2.00

Arms Trafficking

3.50

Flora Crimes

3.00

Fauna Crimes

5.00

Non-renewable-resource crimes

1.50

Heroin Trade

3.50

Cocaine Trade

3.50

Cannabis Trade

4.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.50

6.25

Resilience Score

4th of 54 African countries

2nd of 13 Southern Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

7.00

Government Transparency and Accountability

6.00

International Cooperation

7.50

National Policies and Laws

7.00

Judicial System and Detention

6.50

Law Enforcement

6.50

Territorial Integrity

6.50

Anti-Money Laundering

5.50

Economic Regulatory Environment

5.50

Victim and Witness Support

5.50

Prevention

5.00

Non-State Actors

6.50

6.25 3.38 3.30 6.25 3.38 3.30

Botswana ranks 51st in the Index, with one of the lowest criminality scores on the continent.

Low scores for non-renewable resources crimes are due in large part to the highly formalised and well-regulated diamond sector. However, reports suggest fauna crimes are rising because of increased poaching and the illegal trade in wildlife, leading experts to attribute low scores for this category. Strong evidence exists that armed poaching gangs include national criminal networks and foreign actors. However, there is little evidence of corruption or the existence of mafia-style groups in Botswana. Generally low scores across criminality suggest an overall low influence on society. Botswana scores well across resilience categories and the country ranks as one of the most resilient in Africa, in 4th place. The country has particularly high scores for international cooperation, political leadership and governance, and national policies and laws.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.