Southern Africa
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Southern Africa

Population

173,613,198

Area

5,247,721 km²

GDP total

$515,289.08 million

Countries

Botswana, Comoros, eSwatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

4.44

Criminality Score

5th of 5 African regions

Criminal Actors

4.82

Mafia-Style Groups

2.62

Criminal Networks

5.12

State-Embedded Actors

5.65

Foreign Actors

5.88

Criminal market

4.05

Human Trafficking

4.08

Human Smuggling

3.12

Arms Trafficking

3.88

Flora Crimes

4.19

Fauna Crimes

5.69

Non-renewable-resource crimes

4.46

Heroin Trade

4.88

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

4.19

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.54

4.27

Resilience Score

1st of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

4.62

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.12

International Cooperation

4.50

National Policies and Laws

5.38

Judicial System and Detention

4.27

Law Enforcement

4.35

Territorial Integrity

4.42

Anti-Money Laundering

4.46

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.31

Victim and Witness Support

2.77

Prevention

2.88

Non-State Actors

5.12

4.27 4.82 4.05 4.27 4.82 4.05

Southern Africa, comprising 13 countries, was found to be the lowest-scoring region in Africa for criminality, with the regional averages for criminality (4.44), criminal markets (4.05) and criminal actors (4.82) the lowest of the five regions.

Just as the region is the best-performing region with regards to criminality, Southern Africa also has the highest average resilience score on the continent.

Egypt

Capital

Cairo

Population

98,423,595

Area

995,450 km²

Coastline Length

2,450 km

Landborder Length

2,612 km

GDP total

$250,895.47 million

GDP per capita

$2,549.14

GINI Index

31.8

5.14

Criminality Score

22nd of 54 African countries

2nd of 6 North Africa countries

Criminal Actors

5.63

Mafia-Style Groups

3.00

Criminal Networks

6.00

State-Embedded Actors

7.00

Foreign Actors

6.50

Criminal market

4.65

Human Trafficking

5.50

Human Smuggling

5.50

Arms Trafficking

6.00

Flora Crimes

1.00

Fauna Crimes

5.00

Non-renewable-resource crimes

3.00

Heroin Trade

5.50

Cocaine Trade

1.50

Cannabis Trade

6.50

Synthetic Drugs Trade

7.00

3.96

Resilience Score

24th of 54 African countries

4th of 6 North Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

5.00

Government Transparency and Accountability

3.00

International Cooperation

3.00

National Policies and Laws

4.50

Judicial System and Detention

5.00

Law Enforcement

5.00

Territorial Integrity

6.00

Anti-Money Laundering

4.50

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.50

Victim and Witness Support

2.00

Prevention

2.50

Non-State Actors

2.50

3.96 5.63 4.65 3.96 5.63 4.65

In terms of criminality, Egypt’s Index score of 5.14 places it 22nd in Africa and 2nd in North Africa.

The country’s relatively high overall score is driven predominantly by its scores for criminal actors, characterised by moderately high scores for criminal networks, state-embedded actors and foreign actors. Although certain criminal markets are not deemed to have a significant impact in Egypt, others have considerable negative impacts, most notably the synthetic drugs and cannabis trade and arms trafficking. While Egypt performs slightly worse than the African average for criminality, its resilience score is just above the continental average at 3.96, ranking it 24th in Africa and 4th in North Africa. This indicates a marginally higher resilience to organised crime than the majority of African countries. Nevertheless, territorial integrity is the only resilience indicator for which Egypt is scored as sufficiently effective. All other indicators are characterised as either moderately effective or extremely ineffective. Egypt’s criminality and resilience scores suggest that, from a regional perspective, it is in a precarious situation with regards to organised crime.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.