Global
score

Fauna crimes

4.63

Like flora crimes, crimes involving fauna species reflects the poaching, illicit trade and possession of species covered by CITES, as well as any other species protected by national law. Under the Index, to account for the plethora of species across the African continent, the ‘top five most illicitly traded and/or poached fauna species in each country are considered, including rhinos, elephants, great apes, lion bones, and pangolins, among others. The Index also considers protected marine species, and Illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing falls under this category.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.

This report was funded in part by a grant from the United States Department of State.

ENACT is funded by the European Union and implemented by the Institute for Security Studies and INTERPOL, in affiliation with the Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime.

The opinions, findings and conclusions stated herein are those of the Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime and do not necessarily reflect those of the United States Department of State.