Southern Africa
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Southern Africa

Population

173,613,198

Area

5,247,721 km²

GDP total

$515,289.08 million

Countries

Botswana, Comoros, eSwatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

4.44

Criminality Score

5th of 5 African regions

Criminal Actors

4.82

Mafia-Style Groups

2.62

Criminal Networks

5.12

State-Embedded Actors

5.65

Foreign Actors

5.88

Criminal market

4.05

Human Trafficking

4.08

Human Smuggling

3.12

Arms Trafficking

3.88

Flora Crimes

4.19

Fauna Crimes

5.69

Non-renewable-resource crimes

4.46

Heroin Trade

4.88

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

4.19

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.54

4.27

Resilience Score

1st of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

4.62

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.12

International Cooperation

4.50

National Policies and Laws

5.38

Judicial System and Detention

4.27

Law Enforcement

4.35

Territorial Integrity

4.42

Anti-Money Laundering

4.46

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.31

Victim and Witness Support

2.77

Prevention

2.88

Non-State Actors

5.12

4.27 4.82 4.05 4.27 4.82 4.05

Southern Africa, comprising 13 countries, was found to be the lowest-scoring region in Africa for criminality, with the regional averages for criminality (4.44), criminal markets (4.05) and criminal actors (4.82) the lowest of the five regions.

Just as the region is the best-performing region with regards to criminality, Southern Africa also has the highest average resilience score on the continent.

Rwanda

Capital

Kigali

Population

12,301,939

Area

24,670 km²

Landborder Length

930 km

GDP total

$9,509.00 million

GDP per capita

$772.97

GINI Index

43.7

3.34

Criminality Score

51st of 54 African countries

10th of 11 Central Africa countries

Criminal Actors

2.88

Mafia-Style Groups

1.00

Criminal Networks

2.50

State-Embedded Actors

5.00

Foreign Actors

3.00

Criminal market

3.80

Human Trafficking

5.00

Human Smuggling

3.00

Arms Trafficking

4.50

Flora Crimes

3.00

Fauna Crimes

5.00

Non-renewable-resource crimes

6.00

Heroin Trade

3.00

Cocaine Trade

1.50

Cannabis Trade

4.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.00

5.75

Resilience Score

7th of 54 African countries

1st of 11 Central Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

6.50

Government Transparency and Accountability

6.00

International Cooperation

6.00

National Policies and Laws

6.50

Judicial System and Detention

5.00

Law Enforcement

7.00

Territorial Integrity

7.50

Anti-Money Laundering

6.00

Economic Regulatory Environment

6.00

Victim and Witness Support

5.50

Prevention

5.00

Non-State Actors

2.00

5.75 2.88 3.80 5.75 2.88 3.80

Rwanda is in a desirable situation with regard to organised crime, as the country enjoys low levels of criminality and comparably high levels of resilience to organised crime.

The country’s positive ranking of 51st in Africa for criminality reflects the absence of any criminal market with a significant influence. There are, however, certain criminal markets with a moderate influence in Rwanda, namely flora crimes, non-renewable resource crimes and human trafficking. Similarly, although most criminal actor-types exert very little influence in Rwanda, state-embedded criminal actors are a concern. Rwanda is the 7th most resilient state to organised crime in Africa, with 9 out of the 10 resilience indicator scores falling between 5 and 7.5. A robust legislative framework, an effective criminal-justice system and fairly strong social-protection measures contribute to the country’s high resilience score. However, the country's repressive media environment, combined with a constrained space for civil-society organisations to operate in, are blemishes on an otherwise respectable showing from Rwanda.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.