Southern Africa
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Southern Africa

Population

173,613,198

Area

5,247,721 km²

GDP total

$515,289.08 million

Countries

Botswana, Comoros, eSwatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

4.44

Criminality Score

5th of 5 African regions

Criminal Actors

4.82

Mafia-Style Groups

2.62

Criminal Networks

5.12

State-Embedded Actors

5.65

Foreign Actors

5.88

Criminal market

4.05

Human Trafficking

4.08

Human Smuggling

3.12

Arms Trafficking

3.88

Flora Crimes

4.19

Fauna Crimes

5.69

Non-renewable-resource crimes

4.46

Heroin Trade

4.88

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

4.19

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.54

4.27

Resilience Score

1st of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

4.62

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.12

International Cooperation

4.50

National Policies and Laws

5.38

Judicial System and Detention

4.27

Law Enforcement

4.35

Territorial Integrity

4.42

Anti-Money Laundering

4.46

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.31

Victim and Witness Support

2.77

Prevention

2.88

Non-State Actors

5.12

4.27 4.82 4.05 4.27 4.82 4.05

Southern Africa, comprising 13 countries, was found to be the lowest-scoring region in Africa for criminality, with the regional averages for criminality (4.44), criminal markets (4.05) and criminal actors (4.82) the lowest of the five regions.

Just as the region is the best-performing region with regards to criminality, Southern Africa also has the highest average resilience score on the continent.

Mozambique

Capital

Maputo

Population

29,495,962

Area

786,380 km²

Coastline Length

2,470 km

Landborder Length

4,783 km

GDP total

$14,457.96 million

GDP per capita

$490.17

GINI Index

54.0

5.87

Criminality Score

14th of 54 African countries

2nd of 13 Southern Africa countries

Criminal Actors

6.38

Mafia-Style Groups

3.50

Criminal Networks

6.50

State-Embedded Actors

8.00

Foreign Actors

7.50

Criminal market

5.35

Human Trafficking

5.00

Human Smuggling

4.50

Arms Trafficking

4.00

Flora Crimes

8.50

Fauna Crimes

7.50

Non-renewable-resource crimes

6.00

Heroin Trade

7.50

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

4.50

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.50

2.83

Resilience Score

38th of 54 African countries

12th of 13 Southern Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

2.50

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.00

International Cooperation

2.00

National Policies and Laws

5.50

Judicial System and Detention

2.50

Law Enforcement

2.00

Territorial Integrity

5.00

Anti-Money Laundering

2.00

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.00

Victim and Witness Support

1.00

Prevention

2.00

Non-State Actors

3.50

2.83 6.38 5.35 2.83 6.38 5.35

Mozambique ranks 14th in the Index, with a broad range of established criminal markets and criminal actors.

However, the highest scores are in the environmental sector, in large part due to levels of illegal logging (flora crimes), trafficking of ivory and rhino horn (fauna crimes), and the illicit trade in rubies (non-renewable resources crimes). Although Mozambique’s narcotic markets are deemed as having only a moderate negative influence on society overall, the heroin trade is highlighted as a major concern, scoring 7.5. The markets for human smuggling, human trafficking and arms trafficking all record moderate scores between 4 and 5, suggesting they are not pervasive. Mozambique’s criminal networks, state-embedded actors and foreign actors all record high scores. Their involvement in all sectors of Mozambique’s illicit economy is viewed as widespread and growing. In terms of resilience, Mozambique scores poorly, ranking 38th in Africa, with only two indicators scoring above 4. The government is reported to lack a coherent plan to fight organised crime and the involvement of state officials in illicit activities is common. Moreover, corruption at all levels, insufficient victim and witness support, and underfunded institutions are highlighted as areas of concern.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.