Southern Africa
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Southern Africa

Population

173,613,198

Area

5,247,721 km²

GDP total

$515,289.08 million

Countries

Botswana, Comoros, eSwatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

4.44

Criminality Score

5th of 5 African regions

Criminal Actors

4.82

Mafia-Style Groups

2.62

Criminal Networks

5.12

State-Embedded Actors

5.65

Foreign Actors

5.88

Criminal market

4.05

Human Trafficking

4.08

Human Smuggling

3.12

Arms Trafficking

3.88

Flora Crimes

4.19

Fauna Crimes

5.69

Non-renewable-resource crimes

4.46

Heroin Trade

4.88

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

4.19

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.54

4.27

Resilience Score

1st of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

4.62

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.12

International Cooperation

4.50

National Policies and Laws

5.38

Judicial System and Detention

4.27

Law Enforcement

4.35

Territorial Integrity

4.42

Anti-Money Laundering

4.46

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.31

Victim and Witness Support

2.77

Prevention

2.88

Non-State Actors

5.12

4.27 4.82 4.05 4.27 4.82 4.05

Southern Africa, comprising 13 countries, was found to be the lowest-scoring region in Africa for criminality, with the regional averages for criminality (4.44), criminal markets (4.05) and criminal actors (4.82) the lowest of the five regions.

Just as the region is the best-performing region with regards to criminality, Southern Africa also has the highest average resilience score on the continent.

Chad

Capital

N'Djamena

Population

15,477,751

Area

1,259,200 km²

Landborder Length

6,406 km

GDP total

$11,302.54 million

GDP per capita

$730.24

GINI Index

43.3

5.84

Criminality Score

15th of 54 African countries

4th of 11 Central Africa countries

Criminal Actors

6.63

Mafia-Style Groups

8.00

Criminal Networks

6.50

State-Embedded Actors

7.00

Foreign Actors

5.00

Criminal market

5.05

Human Trafficking

6.00

Human Smuggling

5.00

Arms Trafficking

8.50

Flora Crimes

1.50

Fauna Crimes

5.00

Non-renewable-resource crimes

4.00

Heroin Trade

3.50

Cocaine Trade

4.00

Cannabis Trade

6.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

7.00

2.04

Resilience Score

48th of 54 African countries

7th of 11 Central Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

3.00

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.00

International Cooperation

2.50

National Policies and Laws

2.50

Judicial System and Detention

2.00

Law Enforcement

1.50

Territorial Integrity

3.50

Anti-Money Laundering

2.00

Economic Regulatory Environment

2.00

Victim and Witness Support

1.00

Prevention

1.00

Non-State Actors

1.50

2.04 6.63 5.05 2.04 6.63 5.05

Chad has a high criminality score, ranking 15th in Africa, which is driven primarily by the pervasive influence of various criminal actors in the country.

Mafia-style groups engage in a number of criminal markets, but predominantly illicit arms trafficking. Arms trafficking has been attributed by experts to have a severely negative and encroaching influence on nearly all parts of Chadian society. It is an illicit market that follows the same routes as refugees from neighbouring countries affected by conflict. There appears to be a significant link between these mafia-style groups and drug trafficking. Moreover, increased consumption of and demand for synthetic drugs are a concern. Chad is positioned 48th in the resilience rankings, highlighting the country's ineffectiveness in responding to organised crime. Although there are policies and laws in place, the extent of the criminal markets and actors significantly stymies efforts to build resilience.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.