Southern Africa
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Southern Africa

Population

173,613,198

Area

5,247,721 km²

GDP total

$515,289.08 million

Countries

Botswana, Comoros, eSwatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

4.44

Criminality Score

5th of 5 African regions

Criminal Actors

4.82

Mafia-Style Groups

2.62

Criminal Networks

5.12

State-Embedded Actors

5.65

Foreign Actors

5.88

Criminal market

4.05

Human Trafficking

4.08

Human Smuggling

3.12

Arms Trafficking

3.88

Flora Crimes

4.19

Fauna Crimes

5.69

Non-renewable-resource crimes

4.46

Heroin Trade

4.88

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

4.19

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.54

4.27

Resilience Score

1st of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

4.62

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.12

International Cooperation

4.50

National Policies and Laws

5.38

Judicial System and Detention

4.27

Law Enforcement

4.35

Territorial Integrity

4.42

Anti-Money Laundering

4.46

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.31

Victim and Witness Support

2.77

Prevention

2.88

Non-State Actors

5.12

4.27 4.82 4.05 4.27 4.82 4.05

Southern Africa, comprising 13 countries, was found to be the lowest-scoring region in Africa for criminality, with the regional averages for criminality (4.44), criminal markets (4.05) and criminal actors (4.82) the lowest of the five regions.

Just as the region is the best-performing region with regards to criminality, Southern Africa also has the highest average resilience score on the continent.

Algeria

Capital

Algiers

Population

42,228,429

Area

2,381,740 km²

Coastline Length

998 km

Landborder Length

6,734 km

GDP total

$180,689.12 million

GDP per capita

$4,278.85

GINI Index

27.6

4.22

Criminality Score

40th of 54 African countries

5th of 6 North Africa countries

Criminal Actors

4.13

Mafia-Style Groups

1.00

Criminal Networks

5.50

State-Embedded Actors

6.50

Foreign Actors

3.50

Criminal market

4.30

Human Trafficking

4.50

Human Smuggling

5.50

Arms Trafficking

5.00

Flora Crimes

1.00

Fauna Crimes

4.00

Non-renewable-resource crimes

7.00

Heroin Trade

2.50

Cocaine Trade

3.50

Cannabis Trade

6.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

4.00

4.75

Resilience Score

15th of 54 African countries

3rd of 6 North Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

6.50

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.50

International Cooperation

4.00

National Policies and Laws

7.00

Judicial System and Detention

4.00

Law Enforcement

7.00

Territorial Integrity

7.50

Anti-Money Laundering

3.00

Economic Regulatory Environment

5.00

Victim and Witness Support

3.00

Prevention

4.00

Non-State Actors

3.50

4.75 4.13 4.30 4.75 4.13 4.30

Algeria ranks 40th in Africa in the Index, and 5th out of the six countries in North Africa, placing it in the bottom third of the criminality ranking for Africa overall.

The country’s scores for criminal markets and criminal actors are both relatively and equally low in comparison to other countries on the continent, suggesting neither component is disproportionately driving the overall criminality score. The criminal market with the highest score in Algeria is non-renewable resources crimes, driven almost exclusively by illegal oil smuggling into neighbouring countries. Algeria has also received a high score for the cannabis trade, which is perhaps unsurprising given its proximity to Morocco. Finally, human smuggling also has a high score, the result of the country’s geographical position on the Mediterranean and, crucially, sharing borders with Morocco and Libya. State-embedded actors receive the highest score among criminal actors, because of high levels of corruption in the regime of President Abdelaziz Bouteflika. In terms of resilience, Algeria ranks 15th on the continent and 3rd regionally, reflecting a relatively high resilience to organised crime. While scoring impressively on indicators such as national policies and laws and territorial integrity, there is significant scope for improvement with regard to indicators such as government transparency and accountability and anti-money laundering.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.