Southern Africa
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Southern Africa

Population

173,613,198

Area

5,247,721 km²

GDP total

$515,289.08 million

Countries

Botswana, Comoros, eSwatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

4.44

Criminality Score

5th of 5 African regions

Criminal Actors

4.82

Mafia-Style Groups

2.62

Criminal Networks

5.12

State-Embedded Actors

5.65

Foreign Actors

5.88

Criminal market

4.05

Human Trafficking

4.08

Human Smuggling

3.12

Arms Trafficking

3.88

Flora Crimes

4.19

Fauna Crimes

5.69

Non-renewable-resource crimes

4.46

Heroin Trade

4.88

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

4.19

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.54

4.27

Resilience Score

1st of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

4.62

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.12

International Cooperation

4.50

National Policies and Laws

5.38

Judicial System and Detention

4.27

Law Enforcement

4.35

Territorial Integrity

4.42

Anti-Money Laundering

4.46

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.31

Victim and Witness Support

2.77

Prevention

2.88

Non-State Actors

5.12

4.27 4.82 4.05 4.27 4.82 4.05

Southern Africa, comprising 13 countries, was found to be the lowest-scoring region in Africa for criminality, with the regional averages for criminality (4.44), criminal markets (4.05) and criminal actors (4.82) the lowest of the five regions.

Just as the region is the best-performing region with regards to criminality, Southern Africa also has the highest average resilience score on the continent.

South Sudan

Capital

Juba

Population

10,975,920

Area

619,745 km²

Landborder Length

6,018 km

GDP total

$3,930.00 million

GDP per capita

$358.06

GINI Index

46.3

6.40

Criminality Score

4th of 54 African countries

1st of 9 East Africa countries

Criminal Actors

7.75

Mafia-Style Groups

6.50

Criminal Networks

8.00

State-Embedded Actors

8.50

Foreign Actors

8.00

Criminal market

5.05

Human Trafficking

7.00

Human Smuggling

4.00

Arms Trafficking

8.00

Flora Crimes

8.00

Fauna Crimes

6.50

Non-renewable-resource crimes

8.00

Heroin Trade

2.00

Cocaine Trade

1.00

Cannabis Trade

5.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

1.00

1.50

Resilience Score

52nd of 54 African countries

8th of 9 East Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

1.50

Government Transparency and Accountability

1.00

International Cooperation

1.00

National Policies and Laws

2.00

Judicial System and Detention

2.50

Law Enforcement

1.00

Territorial Integrity

2.00

Anti-Money Laundering

1.00

Economic Regulatory Environment

1.50

Victim and Witness Support

1.00

Prevention

1.00

Non-State Actors

2.50

1.50 7.75 5.05 1.50 7.75 5.05

South Sudan ranks 4th in the Index, with one of the highest criminality scores on the continent.

High scores across the criminal actor types in particular drive the overall high ranking, though the country also has two criminal markets in the environmental sector that are assessed as having an extremely negative influence on society. The interrelationship between illicit markets that finance armed groups and political corruption in a weak, consolidating state, as well as spillover impacts in the wider region, generally lead to the high criminality score. South Sudan rank 52nd in Africa for resilience, which reflects extremely low levels of resilience to organised crime, driven predominantly by weak institutions, high levels of corruption and ongoing conflict in the country.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.