Southern Africa
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Southern Africa

Population

173,613,198

Area

5,247,721 km²

GDP total

$515,289.08 million

Countries

Botswana, Comoros, eSwatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

4.44

Criminality Score

5th of 5 African regions

Criminal Actors

4.82

Mafia-Style Groups

2.62

Criminal Networks

5.12

State-Embedded Actors

5.65

Foreign Actors

5.88

Criminal market

4.05

Human Trafficking

4.08

Human Smuggling

3.12

Arms Trafficking

3.88

Flora Crimes

4.19

Fauna Crimes

5.69

Non-renewable-resource crimes

4.46

Heroin Trade

4.88

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

4.19

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.54

4.27

Resilience Score

1st of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

4.62

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.12

International Cooperation

4.50

National Policies and Laws

5.38

Judicial System and Detention

4.27

Law Enforcement

4.35

Territorial Integrity

4.42

Anti-Money Laundering

4.46

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.31

Victim and Witness Support

2.77

Prevention

2.88

Non-State Actors

5.12

4.27 4.82 4.05 4.27 4.82 4.05

Southern Africa, comprising 13 countries, was found to be the lowest-scoring region in Africa for criminality, with the regional averages for criminality (4.44), criminal markets (4.05) and criminal actors (4.82) the lowest of the five regions.

Just as the region is the best-performing region with regards to criminality, Southern Africa also has the highest average resilience score on the continent.

Djibouti

Capital

Djibouti City

Population

958,920

Area

23,180 km²

Coastline Length

314 km

Landborder Length

528 km

GDP total

$1,965.98 million

GDP per capita

$2,050.21

GINI Index

41.6

3.73

Criminality Score

47th of 54 African countries

9th of 9 East Africa countries

Criminal Actors

4.00

Mafia-Style Groups

1.50

Criminal Networks

4.50

State-Embedded Actors

4.00

Foreign Actors

6.00

Criminal market

3.45

Human Trafficking

6.00

Human Smuggling

7.00

Arms Trafficking

5.00

Flora Crimes

2.00

Fauna Crimes

4.00

Non-renewable-resource crimes

1.00

Heroin Trade

2.50

Cocaine Trade

1.50

Cannabis Trade

4.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

1.50

4.67

Resilience Score

16th of 54 African countries

3rd of 9 East Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

4.00

Government Transparency and Accountability

3.00

International Cooperation

7.50

National Policies and Laws

5.50

Judicial System and Detention

4.00

Law Enforcement

5.00

Territorial Integrity

6.00

Anti-Money Laundering

6.00

Economic Regulatory Environment

6.00

Victim and Witness Support

2.00

Prevention

4.00

Non-State Actors

3.00

4.67 4.00 3.45 4.67 4.00 3.45

Djibouti ranks 47th in the Index, with established criminal markets in human smuggling, human trafficking and arms trafficking.

Human smuggling and trafficking are associated with the sexual exploitation of victims of trafficking, while terrorist networks, such as al-Shabaab, are involved in arms trafficking. Djibouti’s illicit environmental markets is limited, as are its drugs markets – though some are increasing. Experts report the significant influence of foreign actors, and moderate influence of state-embedded actors and criminal networks, with no single criminal actor scoring above 6. Djibouti’s resilience scores are moderate, ranging from 3 to 7.5. It performs well in many categories, owing to effective legislation against organised crime, significant international cooperation and reforms to the business environment. Nevertheless, experts note that many government institutions suffer from corruption and insufficient funding, contributing to low scores in some resilience categories.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.