Southern Africa
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Southern Africa

Population

173,613,198

Area

5,247,721 km²

GDP total

$515,289.08 million

Countries

Botswana, Comoros, eSwatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

4.44

Criminality Score

5th of 5 African regions

Criminal Actors

4.82

Mafia-Style Groups

2.62

Criminal Networks

5.12

State-Embedded Actors

5.65

Foreign Actors

5.88

Criminal market

4.05

Human Trafficking

4.08

Human Smuggling

3.12

Arms Trafficking

3.88

Flora Crimes

4.19

Fauna Crimes

5.69

Non-renewable-resource crimes

4.46

Heroin Trade

4.88

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

4.19

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.54

4.27

Resilience Score

1st of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

4.62

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.12

International Cooperation

4.50

National Policies and Laws

5.38

Judicial System and Detention

4.27

Law Enforcement

4.35

Territorial Integrity

4.42

Anti-Money Laundering

4.46

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.31

Victim and Witness Support

2.77

Prevention

2.88

Non-State Actors

5.12

4.27 4.82 4.05 4.27 4.82 4.05

Southern Africa, comprising 13 countries, was found to be the lowest-scoring region in Africa for criminality, with the regional averages for criminality (4.44), criminal markets (4.05) and criminal actors (4.82) the lowest of the five regions.

Just as the region is the best-performing region with regards to criminality, Southern Africa also has the highest average resilience score on the continent.

Gabon

Capital

Libreville

Population

2,119,275

Area

257,670 km²

Coastline Length

885 km

Landborder Length

3,261 km

GDP total

$17,017.40 million

GDP per capita

$8,029.82

GINI Index

38.0

4.68

Criminality Score

33rd of 54 African countries

7th of 11 Central Africa countries

Criminal Actors

4.50

Mafia-Style Groups

1.00

Criminal Networks

3.50

State-Embedded Actors

7.50

Foreign Actors

6.00

Criminal market

4.85

Human Trafficking

6.00

Human Smuggling

6.00

Arms Trafficking

4.50

Flora Crimes

8.00

Fauna Crimes

7.00

Non-renewable-resource crimes

3.00

Heroin Trade

2.50

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

4.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

5.00

2.71

Resilience Score

41st of 54 African countries

6th of 11 Central Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

2.00

Government Transparency and Accountability

2.00

International Cooperation

4.00

National Policies and Laws

3.50

Judicial System and Detention

3.00

Law Enforcement

4.00

Territorial Integrity

4.50

Anti-Money Laundering

2.00

Economic Regulatory Environment

2.00

Victim and Witness Support

1.00

Prevention

2.00

Non-State Actors

2.50

2.71 4.50 4.85 2.71 4.50 4.85

Gabon has lower levels of criminality than most countries in Africa, ranking 33rd in the Index.

The country’s score is driven by a handful of particularly established criminal markets, namely flora crimes and fauna crimes, as well as human trafficking and human smuggling, and the influence of state-embedded actors. High levels of illegality in the timber industry and the trade in elephant ivory, in addition to forced labour, sexual exploitation and irregular migration into the country, are the defining features of organised crime in Gabon. With regard to resilience, Gabon ranks 41st in Africa, reflecting fairly low levels of resilience to organised crime. Although law enforcement and territorial integrity are moderately effective in the country, significant deficiencies remain. These include: high levels of corruption; lack of government legitimacy in the eyes of the population; weak economic and financial institutional and regulatory frameworks; and extremely ineffective social protection measures .

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.