Southern Africa
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Southern Africa

Population

173,613,198

Area

5,247,721 km²

GDP total

$515,289.08 million

Countries

Botswana, Comoros, eSwatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

4.44

Criminality Score

5th of 5 African regions

Criminal Actors

4.82

Mafia-Style Groups

2.62

Criminal Networks

5.12

State-Embedded Actors

5.65

Foreign Actors

5.88

Criminal market

4.05

Human Trafficking

4.08

Human Smuggling

3.12

Arms Trafficking

3.88

Flora Crimes

4.19

Fauna Crimes

5.69

Non-renewable-resource crimes

4.46

Heroin Trade

4.88

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

4.19

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.54

4.27

Resilience Score

1st of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

4.62

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.12

International Cooperation

4.50

National Policies and Laws

5.38

Judicial System and Detention

4.27

Law Enforcement

4.35

Territorial Integrity

4.42

Anti-Money Laundering

4.46

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.31

Victim and Witness Support

2.77

Prevention

2.88

Non-State Actors

5.12

4.27 4.82 4.05 4.27 4.82 4.05

Southern Africa, comprising 13 countries, was found to be the lowest-scoring region in Africa for criminality, with the regional averages for criminality (4.44), criminal markets (4.05) and criminal actors (4.82) the lowest of the five regions.

Just as the region is the best-performing region with regards to criminality, Southern Africa also has the highest average resilience score on the continent.

São Tomé and Príncipe

Capital

São Tomé

Population

211,028

Area

960 km²

Coastline Length

209 km

GDP total

$422.30 million

GDP per capita

$2,001.14

GINI Index

30.8

1.88

Criminality Score

54th of 54 African countries

11th of 11 Central Africa countries

Criminal Actors

1.75

Mafia-Style Groups

1.00

Criminal Networks

2.50

State-Embedded Actors

1.00

Foreign Actors

2.50

Criminal market

2.00

Human Trafficking

1.50

Human Smuggling

3.00

Arms Trafficking

3.00

Flora Crimes

2.00

Fauna Crimes

2.00

Non-renewable-resource crimes

1.00

Heroin Trade

1.50

Cocaine Trade

1.50

Cannabis Trade

3.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

1.50

3.79

Resilience Score

28th of 54 African countries

3rd of 11 Central Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

4.00

Government Transparency and Accountability

3.00

International Cooperation

6.00

National Policies and Laws

6.50

Judicial System and Detention

5.00

Law Enforcement

5.00

Territorial Integrity

4.00

Anti-Money Laundering

3.00

Economic Regulatory Environment

3.00

Victim and Witness Support

1.00

Prevention

1.00

Non-State Actors

4.00

3.79 1.75 2.00 3.79 1.75 2.00

São Tomé and Príncipe has a criminality score of 1.99, the lowest on the continent.

There are no criminal markets present in the country that have more than a non-existent to minor influence on society. The most prominent criminal markets in the island state are human smuggling, arms trafficking and cannabis, but all three receive scores of 3, indicating no more than a limited, and manageable, influence. Similarly, there are no criminal actors in the country that score higher than 2.5, indicating a very limited reach of organised-criminal actors. With regard to resilience to organised crime, São Tomé and Príncipe lies just below the African average, with a resilience score of 3.79. Although the country has a robust legislative framework in place, both domestically and with regard to international treaties and legal frameworks, there is significant room for improvement in areas, and pro-activeness is required around introducing measures aimed at prevention of organised crime and support for witnesses and victims of organised crime.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.