Southern Africa
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Southern Africa

Population

173,613,198

Area

5,247,721 km²

GDP total

$515,289.08 million

Countries

Botswana, Comoros, eSwatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

4.44

Criminality Score

5th of 5 African regions

Criminal Actors

4.82

Mafia-Style Groups

2.62

Criminal Networks

5.12

State-Embedded Actors

5.65

Foreign Actors

5.88

Criminal market

4.05

Human Trafficking

4.08

Human Smuggling

3.12

Arms Trafficking

3.88

Flora Crimes

4.19

Fauna Crimes

5.69

Non-renewable-resource crimes

4.46

Heroin Trade

4.88

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

4.19

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.54

4.27

Resilience Score

1st of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

4.62

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.12

International Cooperation

4.50

National Policies and Laws

5.38

Judicial System and Detention

4.27

Law Enforcement

4.35

Territorial Integrity

4.42

Anti-Money Laundering

4.46

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.31

Victim and Witness Support

2.77

Prevention

2.88

Non-State Actors

5.12

4.27 4.82 4.05 4.27 4.82 4.05

Southern Africa, comprising 13 countries, was found to be the lowest-scoring region in Africa for criminality, with the regional averages for criminality (4.44), criminal markets (4.05) and criminal actors (4.82) the lowest of the five regions.

Just as the region is the best-performing region with regards to criminality, Southern Africa also has the highest average resilience score on the continent.

Ethiopia

Capital

Addis Ababa

Population

109,224,559

Area

1,000,000 km²

Landborder Length

5,925 km

GDP total

$84,355.46 million

GDP per capita

$772.31

GINI Index

39.1

4.58

Criminality Score

37th of 54 African countries

7th of 9 East Africa countries

Criminal Actors

4.75

Mafia-Style Groups

2.00

Criminal Networks

6.50

State-Embedded Actors

3.50

Foreign Actors

7.00

Criminal market

4.40

Human Trafficking

6.00

Human Smuggling

6.00

Arms Trafficking

6.50

Flora Crimes

3.50

Fauna Crimes

3.00

Non-renewable-resource crimes

4.00

Heroin Trade

3.00

Cocaine Trade

4.00

Cannabis Trade

5.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.00

6.00

Resilience Score

6th of 54 African countries

1st of 9 East Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

6.50

Government Transparency and Accountability

6.50

International Cooperation

7.00

National Policies and Laws

7.00

Judicial System and Detention

5.00

Law Enforcement

6.00

Territorial Integrity

7.00

Anti-Money Laundering

7.00

Economic Regulatory Environment

6.00

Victim and Witness Support

4.00

Prevention

4.50

Non-State Actors

5.50

6.00 4.75 4.40 6.00 4.75 4.40

Ethiopia ranks 37th in the Index, with most criminal markets scoring below 5, suggesting a moderate negative influence on society.

Human smuggling, human trafficking and arms trafficking are the most prevalent markets. Established criminal networks and foreign actors are involved in human smuggling and trafficking in Ethiopia, as well as the illicit narcotics trade. Although there is no evidence of the direct involvement of state-embedded actors in organised crime, experts note high levels of corruption. The government has demonstrated a willingness to tackle organised crime, leading to Ethiopia ranking as one of Africa’s most resilient nations, ranking 6th on the continent. Effective anti-money laundering legislation, ratification of international treaties and prevention of smuggling and trafficking all contribute to high scores in resilience categories.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.