Southern Africa
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Southern Africa

Population

173,613,198

Area

5,247,721 km²

GDP total

$515,289.08 million

Countries

Botswana, Comoros, eSwatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

4.44

Criminality Score

5th of 5 African regions

Criminal Actors

4.82

Mafia-Style Groups

2.62

Criminal Networks

5.12

State-Embedded Actors

5.65

Foreign Actors

5.88

Criminal market

4.05

Human Trafficking

4.08

Human Smuggling

3.12

Arms Trafficking

3.88

Flora Crimes

4.19

Fauna Crimes

5.69

Non-renewable-resource crimes

4.46

Heroin Trade

4.88

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

4.19

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.54

4.27

Resilience Score

1st of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

4.62

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.12

International Cooperation

4.50

National Policies and Laws

5.38

Judicial System and Detention

4.27

Law Enforcement

4.35

Territorial Integrity

4.42

Anti-Money Laundering

4.46

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.31

Victim and Witness Support

2.77

Prevention

2.88

Non-State Actors

5.12

4.27 4.82 4.05 4.27 4.82 4.05

Southern Africa, comprising 13 countries, was found to be the lowest-scoring region in Africa for criminality, with the regional averages for criminality (4.44), criminal markets (4.05) and criminal actors (4.82) the lowest of the five regions.

Just as the region is the best-performing region with regards to criminality, Southern Africa also has the highest average resilience score on the continent.

Côte d'Ivoire

Capital

Yamoussoukro

Population

25,069,229

Area

318,000 km²

Coastline Length

515 km

Landborder Length

3,458 km

GDP total

$43,007.05 million

GDP per capita

$1,715.53

GINI Index

41.5

6.23

Criminality Score

8th of 54 African countries

2nd of 15 West Africa countries

Criminal Actors

6.50

Mafia-Style Groups

3.00

Criminal Networks

7.50

State-Embedded Actors

8.00

Foreign Actors

7.50

Criminal market

5.95

Human Trafficking

7.00

Human Smuggling

5.00

Arms Trafficking

7.00

Flora Crimes

7.50

Fauna Crimes

6.50

Non-renewable-resource crimes

7.50

Heroin Trade

4.00

Cocaine Trade

3.00

Cannabis Trade

6.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

6.00

4.54

Resilience Score

18th of 54 African countries

6th of 15 West Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

6.00

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.00

International Cooperation

6.00

National Policies and Laws

4.50

Judicial System and Detention

6.00

Law Enforcement

4.00

Territorial Integrity

4.50

Anti-Money Laundering

4.00

Economic Regulatory Environment

5.00

Victim and Witness Support

3.50

Prevention

3.00

Non-State Actors

4.00

4.54 6.50 5.95 4.54 6.50 5.95

Côte d’Ivoire has a high level of criminality, ranking 8th in Africa.

Although most African countries’ criminality score is driven predominantly by the strength and influence of criminal actors, Côte d’Ivoire is an obvious exception, in that it also hosts a plethora of pervasive criminal markets that have a significant negative impact on the country’s society and state structures. In particular, the country's environmental-crime markets exert a significant, and growing, negative influence on nearly all parts of society. Concerns surround illegal logging and criminalised control of the country's gold mines (leading to illegal taxation), as well as human smuggling and human trafficking for labour. The nation is both a transit and origin country for the trafficking of ivory by criminal gangs, and plays a major role in the illegal ape and birds’ markets; corruption is linked to these networking routes and activities. Due to the country’s recent turbulence, it has experienced an increase in the flow of arms, while there are also concerns that the state's fragility will lead to large-scale trafficking of illicit substances. In addition to criminal gangs that operate in the country, and corruption within the government, foreign criminal actors are also thought to have a growing detrimental impact on society. In terms of resilience, Cote d’Ivoire ranks 18th in Africa. This is due to relatively high levels of international cooperation, a strong judicial system and a robust political leadership in the fight against organised crime. However, the country's porous borders and levels of corruption need to be addressed to enhance its ability to combat organised crime effectively.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.