Southern Africa
x

Southern Africa

Population

173,613,198

Area

5,247,721 km²

GDP total

$515,289.08 million

Countries

Botswana, Comoros, eSwatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

4.44

Criminality Score

5th of 5 African regions

Criminal Actors

4.82

Mafia-Style Groups

2.62

Criminal Networks

5.12

State-Embedded Actors

5.65

Foreign Actors

5.88

Criminal market

4.05

Human Trafficking

4.08

Human Smuggling

3.12

Arms Trafficking

3.88

Flora Crimes

4.19

Fauna Crimes

5.69

Non-renewable-resource crimes

4.46

Heroin Trade

4.88

Cocaine Trade

2.50

Cannabis Trade

4.19

Synthetic Drugs Trade

3.54

4.27

Resilience Score

1st of 5 African regions

Political Leadership and Governance

4.62

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.12

International Cooperation

4.50

National Policies and Laws

5.38

Judicial System and Detention

4.27

Law Enforcement

4.35

Territorial Integrity

4.42

Anti-Money Laundering

4.46

Economic Regulatory Environment

4.31

Victim and Witness Support

2.77

Prevention

2.88

Non-State Actors

5.12

4.27 4.82 4.05 4.27 4.82 4.05

Southern Africa, comprising 13 countries, was found to be the lowest-scoring region in Africa for criminality, with the regional averages for criminality (4.44), criminal markets (4.05) and criminal actors (4.82) the lowest of the five regions.

Just as the region is the best-performing region with regards to criminality, Southern Africa also has the highest average resilience score on the continent.

Kenya

Capital

Nairobi

Population

51,393,010

Area

569,140 km²

Coastline Length

536 km

Landborder Length

3,457 km

GDP total

$87,908.26 million

GDP per capita

$1,710.51

GINI Index

40.8

6.14

Criminality Score

11th of 54 African countries

4th of 9 East Africa countries

Criminal Actors

6.63

Mafia-Style Groups

6.00

Criminal Networks

7.00

State-Embedded Actors

7.50

Foreign Actors

6.00

Criminal market

5.65

Human Trafficking

6.00

Human Smuggling

6.00

Arms Trafficking

7.00

Flora Crimes

4.00

Fauna Crimes

6.50

Non-renewable-resource crimes

6.00

Heroin Trade

7.00

Cocaine Trade

4.00

Cannabis Trade

6.00

Synthetic Drugs Trade

4.00

5.04

Resilience Score

13th of 54 African countries

2nd of 9 East Africa countries

Political Leadership and Governance

5.50

Government Transparency and Accountability

4.00

International Cooperation

6.50

National Policies and Laws

7.00

Judicial System and Detention

5.00

Law Enforcement

6.00

Territorial Integrity

5.00

Anti-Money Laundering

5.50

Economic Regulatory Environment

5.50

Victim and Witness Support

2.00

Prevention

1.50

Non-State Actors

7.00

5.04 6.63 5.65 5.04 6.63 5.65

Kenya ranks 11th in the Index, with a wide range of significantly influential criminal markets and actors scoring moderately between 4 and 7.5.

Experts describe a system where established criminal networks and mafia-style groups collaborate with corrupt state-embedded actors to profit from various criminal markets, such as the illicit narcotics trade, human smuggling and arms trafficking. Kenya scores relatively well overall in terms of resilience, ranking 13th in Africa, as efforts have been made to combat organised crime, notably in terms of legislation and increases in judicial capacity, leading to high scores. Nevertheless, the reported involvement of state officials in organised crime, coupled with systemic corruption, has undermined these efforts and contributes to Kenya scoring poorly in many resilience categories.

For a better experience, please rotate your device.

The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.