The Organized Crime Index | ENACT
Year:
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Ranking by

Human trafficking

Main Index Scores
Complementary Data
Country
Human trafficking
Criminality
Criminal markets
Criminal actors
Resilience
Population
Area (KM²)
GDP Total US$ Mi
1 Tuvalu
1.62
1.93
1.30
6.08
11,204
30
63.10
1 Sao Tome and Principe
1.70
1.70
1.70
4.92
223,107
960
526.65
1 Nauru
2.05
2.20
1.90
5.00
12,511
20
133.22
4 San Marino
3.48
2.37
4.60
5.21
33,745
60
No Data
4 Monaco
2.58
1.67
3.50
5.63
36,686
75
8,596.10
4 Liechtenstein
2.27
2.33
2.20
8.46
39,039
160
No Data
4 Grenada
2.93
2.67
3.20
5.13
124,610
340
1,122.81
8 St. Vincent and the Grenadines
3.08
2.67
3.50
5.38
104,332
390
904.18
8 Andorra
3.22
2.73
3.70
7.96
79,034
470
3,330.28
10 Uruguay
3.22
3.33
3.10
7.50
3,426,260
176,220
59,319.48
10 St. Kitts and Nevis
3.52
2.83
4.20
5.00
47,606
260
860.84
10 Dominica
2.63
2.67
2.60
5.17
72,412
750
554.18
10 Armenia
2.82
2.93
2.70
5.71
2,790,974
29,740
13,861.41
14 Vanuatu
2.43
2.67
2.20
5.13
319,137
12,190
956.33
14 Tonga
3.70
3.50
3.90
5.29
106,017
750
469.23
14 Samoa
2.43
2.97
1.90
5.83
220,000
2,840
843.84
14 Palau
2.70
2.90
2.50
5.33
18,024
460
217.80
14 New Zealand
4.08
3.77
4.40
7.88
5,122,600
267,710
249,886.00
14 Namibia
4.30
4.10
4.50
4.54
2,530,151
824,290
12,607.44
14 Luxembourg
2.85
2.90
2.80
7.50
640,064
2,590
85,506.24
14 Georgia
3.60
3.60
3.60
5.25
3,708,610
69,700
18,629.37
14 Finland
2.98
3.27
2.70
8.63
5,541,017
338,460
297,302.00
14 Australia
4.00
4.30
3.70
7.38
25,688,079
7,741,220
1,552,670.00
24 Tunisia
4.45
5.00
3.90
4.50
12,262,946
163,610
46,686.74
24 Suriname
4.77
4.53
5.00
3.04
612,985
163,820
2,984.71
24 St. Lucia
3.53
2.67
4.40
5.58
179,651
620
1,691.28
24 Slovenia
4.37
4.03
4.70
6.04
2,108,079
20,480
61,748.59
24 Seychelles
3.90
3.50
4.30
5.21
99,258
460
1,454.46
24 Lithuania
3.90
3.80
4.00
7.29
2,800,839
65,290
66,445.26
24 Lesotho
3.92
3.43
4.40
3.92
2,281,454
30,360
2,496.13
24 Eswatini
4.38
3.87
4.90
3.29
1,192,271
17,360
4,743.34
24 Denmark
4.02
4.33
3.70
8.13
5,856,733
42,920
398,303.00
24 Canada
3.88
3.87
3.90
7.21
38,246,108
9,879,750
1,988,340.00
24 Barbados
3.07
2.43
3.70
6.13
281,200
430
4,843.80
24 Antigua and Barbuda
2.98
2.67
3.30
4.58
93,219
440
1,471.13
24 Algeria
4.88
5.17
4.60
4.38
44,177,969
2,381,741
163,044.00
37 Timor-Leste
4.08
3.67
4.50
3.83
1,320,942
14,870
3,621.22
37 South Africa
7.18
6.87
7.50
5.63
59,392,255
1,219,090
No Data
37 Solomon Islands
4.40
3.70
5.10
5.08
707,851
28,900
1,631.49
37 Mozambique
6.20
5.90
6.50
3.29
32,077,072
799,380
15,776.76
37 Mauritius
4.37
4.13
4.60
5.54
1,266,060
2,040
11,529.04
37 Iceland
3.37
2.93
3.80
8.21
372,520
103,000
25,602.42
37 Estonia
4.25
4.20
4.30
7.88
1,330,932
45,340
37,191.17
37 Equatorial Guinea
4.38
3.57
5.20
2.21
1,634,466
28,050
12,269.39
37 Cabo Verde
4.28
3.97
4.60
6.58
587,925
4,030
1,936.17
37 Botswana
4.35
4.40
4.30
5.46
2,588,423
581,730
17,614.79
37 Azerbaijan
4.80
4.10
5.50
3.96
10,137,750
86,600
54,622.18
37 Austria
4.13
4.17
4.10
7.50
8,955,797
83,879
480,368.00
49 Zambia
4.73
4.47
5.00
4.54
19,473,125
752,610
419,015.00
49 Switzerland
4.87
4.63
5.10
7.04
8,703,405
41,290
800,640.00
49 Sweden
4.70
4.60
4.80
7.46
10,415,811
528,861
635,664.00
49 Slovakia
4.72
4.73
4.70
5.29
5,447,247
49,030
116,527.00
49 Sierra Leone
4.95
4.60
5.30
4.04
8,420,641
72,300
4,042.24
49 Rwanda
3.60
4.00
3.20
5.54
13,461,888
26,340
11,070.36
49 Norway
3.75
4.10
3.40
7.92
5,408,320
624,499
482,175.00
49 North Macedonia
5.03
4.87
5.20
5.29
2,065,092
25,710
13,825.05
49 Montenegro
5.90
5.20
6.60
4.75
619,211
13,810
5,861.27
49 Mongolia
4.12
3.83
4.40
5.21
3,347,782
1,564,116
15,286.44
49 Micronesia (Federated States of)
3.00
3.00
3.00
5.88
113,131
700
404.03
49 Marshall Islands
2.52
2.73
2.30
5.79
42,050
180
259.54
49 Malta
5.00
4.30
5.70
5.13
518,536
320
17,364.04
49 Malawi
4.48
4.77
4.20
4.58
19,889,742
118,480
12,626.72
49 Latvia
3.90
4.50
3.30
7.58
1,884,490
64,590
39,853.50
49 Kiribati
2.45
2.60
2.30
4.33
128,874
810
207.03
49 Japan
4.28
3.87
4.70
7.38
125,681,593
377,974
4,940,880.00
49 Jamaica
5.80
4.90
6.70
5.42
2,827,695
10,990
14,657.59
49 Ireland
5.08
5.17
5.00
7.33
5,033,165
70,280
504,183.00
49 Fiji
4.15
4.30
4.00
5.42
924,610
18,270
4,296.30
49 Croatia
5.15
4.90
5.40
5.92
3,899,000
88,070
68,955.08
49 Costa Rica
5.53
5.37
5.70
5.63
5,153,957
51,100
64,282.44
49 Comoros
3.92
3.73
4.10
2.38
821,625
1,861
1,296.09
49 Bulgaria
5.65
5.40
5.90
5.33
6,877,743
111,000
84,056.31
49 Brunei
2.85
3.30
2.40
4.58
445,373
5,770
14,006.57
49 Bolivia
4.95
5.00
4.90
4.83
12,079,472
1,098,580
40,408.21
49 Belgium
4.43
5.17
3.70
7.04
11,592,952
30,530
594,104.00
49 Bahamas
3.75
3.60
3.90
5.50
407,906
13,880
11,208.60
49 Argentina
5.00
4.50
5.50
5.96
45,808,747
2,780,400
487,227.00
49 Albania
5.17
4.83
5.50
5.13
2,811,666
28,750
18,255.79
79 Zimbabwe
5.47
5.03
5.90
3.13
15,993,524
390,760
22,147.63
79 Togo
5.23
4.77
5.70
4.50
8,644,829
56,790
8,413.20
79 Singapore
3.47
3.93
3.00
7.83
5,453,566
728
396,987.00
79 Senegal
5.52
5.53
5.50
5.79
16,876,720
196,710
27,625.39
79 Portugal
4.88
4.67
5.10
6.50
10,325,147
92,230
253,663.00
79 Poland
4.48
4.97
4.00
5.88
37,747,124
312,710
679,445.00
79 Netherlands
4.97
5.23
4.70
7.46
17,533,044
41,540
1,012,850.00
79 Morocco
4.80
5.10
4.50
4.63
37,076,584
446,550
142,866.00
79 Korea, Rep.
4.43
3.57
5.30
8.08
51,744,876
100,410
1,810,960.00
79 Guyana
5.97
5.13
6.80
4.04
804,567
214,970
8,044.50
79 Guinea-Bissau
5.10
4.60
5.60
2.58
2,060,721
36,130
1,638.52
79 Greece
5.35
4.70
6.00
5.17
10,641,221
131,960
214,874.00
79 Gabon
4.85
4.60
5.10
3.25
2,341,179
267,670
20,216.84
79 Czech Republic
4.68
4.87
4.50
6.42
10,505,772
78,871
281,778.00
79 Cyprus
4.43
3.97
4.90
4.46
1,244,188
9,250
28,407.87
79 Cuba
3.37
3.63
3.10
5.38
11,256,372
109,880
No Data
79 Bosnia and Herzegovina
5.85
5.30
6.40
3.88
3,270,943
51,210
23,365.36
79 Belize
4.87
4.43
5.30
3.29
400,031
22,970
2,491.50
97 United States
5.67
5.83
5.50
7.13
331,893,745
9,831,510
23,315,100.00
97 Serbia
6.22
5.73
6.70
4.96
6,834,326
84,990
63,082.05
97 Romania
4.58
5.27
3.90
6.00
19,119,880
238,400
284,088.00
97 Madagascar
5.58
5.27
5.90
3.33
28,915,653
587,295
14,472.60
97 Liberia
5.50
5.40
5.60
3.25
5,193,416
111,370
3,509.00
97 Kazakhstan
4.47
4.33
4.60
4.54
19,000,988
2,724,900
197,112.00
97 Jordan
4.93
4.87
5.00
5.58
11,148,278
89,318
45,744.27
97 Israel
4.85
5.00
4.70
6.08
9,364,000
22,070
488,526.55
97 Germany
5.33
5.47
5.20
7.50
83,196,078
357,590
4,259,930.00
97 Gambia
4.53
4.67
4.40
5.17
2,639,916
11,300
2,038.42
97 France
5.82
5.93
5.70
6.96
67,749,632
549,087
2,957,880.00
97 Egypt
5.05
5.10
5.00
3.83
109,262,178
1,001,450
404,143.00
97 Chile
5.18
5.07
5.30
6.17
19,493,184
756,700
317,059.00
97 Brazil
6.77
6.93
6.60
4.92
214,326,223
8,515,770
1,608,980.00
97 Bhutan
3.90
3.90
3.90
4.71
777,486
38,390
2,539.55
112 Trinidad and Tobago
5.20
4.80
5.60
5.33
1,525,663
5,130
24,460.20
112 Tanzania
6.20
6.40
6.00
4.13
63,588,334
947,300
67,841.05
112 Sri Lanka
4.92
4.83
5.00
3.42
22,156,000
65,610
88,927.26
112 Hungary
4.62
4.73
4.50
4.88
9,709,891
93,030
181,848.00
112 Ecuador
7.07
6.73
7.40
4.88
17,797,737
256,370
106,166.00
112 Dominican Republic
5.02
5.13
4.90
4.79
11,117,873
48,670
94,243.45
112 Djibouti
4.65
4.30
5.00
4.38
1,105,557
23,200
3,482.99
112 Congo, Rep.
4.78
4.47
5.10
3.25
5,835,806
342,000
13,366.23
112 Cameroon
6.27
6.23
6.30
3.17
27,198,628
475,440
45,338.28
112 Benin
5.32
5.43
5.20
3.50
12,996,895
114,760
17,144.92
112 Angola
5.58
5.17
6.00
4.50
34,503,774
1,246,700
67,404.29
123 Vietnam
6.55
6.50
6.60
4.79
97,468,029
331,340
366,138.00
123 United Kingdom
5.75
5.50
6.00
7.54
67,326,569
243,610
3,131,380.00
123 Thailand
6.18
6.77
5.60
4.79
71,601,103
513,120
505,947.00
123 Tajikistan
5.45
4.80
6.10
2.58
9,750,064
141,380
8,746.27
123 Spain
5.90
5.70
6.10
6.75
47,415,750
505,970
1,427,380.00
123 Peru
6.40
6.20
6.60
4.38
33,715,471
1,285,220
223,249.00
123 Papua New Guinea
5.72
5.33
6.10
3.29
9,949,437
462,840
26,594.31
123 Oman
4.40
4.90
3.90
5.21
4,520,471
309,500
88,191.98
123 Nicaragua
5.72
5.23
6.20
2.08
6,850,540
130,370
14,013.02
123 Maldives
4.27
3.53
5.00
4.08
521,457
300
5,405.58
123 Laos
6.12
6.33
5.90
3.46
7,425,057
236,800
18,827.15
123 Kyrgyzstan
5.32
4.63
6.00
3.83
6,691,800
199,950
8,543.42
123 Italy
6.22
5.73
6.70
6.46
59,109,668
302,068
2,107,700.00
123 Honduras
7.05
6.00
8.10
4.08
10,278,345
112,490
28,488.67
123 Guinea
4.58
4.77
4.40
3.13
13,531,906
245,860
16,091.82
123 Guatemala
6.60
6.10
7.10
4.08
17,109,746
108,890
85,985.75
123 Ghana
5.80
6.00
5.60
5.46
32,833,031
238,530
77,594.28
123 El Salvador
5.92
5.43
6.40
3.21
6,314,167
21,040
28,736.94
123 Côte d'Ivoire
6.02
5.93
6.10
5.13
27,478,249
322,460
70,043.19
123 China
6.37
6.53
6.20
5.67
1,412,360,000
9,600,013
17,734,100.00
123 Chad
5.50
5.10
5.90
2.42
17,179,740
1,284,000
11,779.98
123 Burkina Faso
5.92
5.83
6.00
3.46
22,100,683
274,220
19,737.62
123 Belarus
5.87
5.33
6.40
3.25
9,340,314
207,610
68,205.38
146 Venezuela
6.72
6.03
7.40
1.88
28,199,867
912,050
No Data
146 Uzbekistan
4.95
4.60
5.30
3.88
34,915,100
448,924
69,238.90
146 Ukraine
6.48
6.27
6.70
4.54
43,792,855
603,550
200,086.00
146 Uganda
6.55
6.40
6.70
3.88
45,853,778
241,550
40,529.79
146 Russia
6.87
6.83
6.90
3.79
143,449,286
17,098,250
1,778,780.00
146 Philippines
6.63
6.57
6.70
4.21
113,880,328
300,000
394,086.00
146 Paraguay
7.52
6.73
8.30
3.42
6,703,799
406,752
39,495.43
146 Panama
6.98
6.67
7.30
4.67
4,351,267
75,320
63,605.10
146 Nigeria
7.28
7.37
7.20
5.79
213,401,323
923,770
440,834.00
146 Niger
5.70
5.70
5.70
3.46
25,252,722
1,267,000
14,915.00
146 Moldova
5.60
5.20
6.00
3.92
2,615,199
33,850
13,679.22
146 Mauritania
4.38
4.27
4.50
3.13
4,614,974
1,030,700
9,996.25
146 Mali
5.93
6.47
5.40
2.38
21,904,983
1,240,190
19,140.46
146 Malaysia
6.23
6.67
5.80
5.92
33,573,874
330,241
372,981.00
146 Lebanon
7.10
6.30
7.90
3.46
5,592,631
10,450
23,131.94
146 Iraq
7.13
6.27
8.00
3.21
43,533,592
435,052
207,889.00
146 Indonesia
6.85
6.60
7.10
4.25
273,753,191
1,916,907
1,186,090.00
146 Haiti
5.93
5.77
6.10
2.46
11,447,569
27,750
20,944.39
146 Congo, Dem. Rep.
7.35
6.20
8.50
2.38
95,894,118
2,344,860
55,350.97
146 Central African Republic
6.75
5.60
7.90
1.79
5,457,154
622,980
2,516.50
166 Turkey
7.03
6.77
7.30
3.38
84,775,404
785,350
819,035.00
166 Sudan
6.37
5.23
7.50
2.71
45,657,202
1,878,000
34,326.06
166 Somalia
6.13
5.27
7.00
1.79
17,065,581
637,660
7,628.00
166 Saudi Arabia
6.23
6.57
5.90
4.00
35,950,396
2,149,690
833,541.00
166 Qatar
5.45
5.70
5.20
5.42
2,688,235
11,490
179,677.00
166 Pakistan
6.03
6.27
5.80
3.96
231,402,117
796,100
348,263.00
166 Nepal
6.57
6.03
7.10
4.00
30,034,989
147,180
36,288.83
166 Mexico
7.57
8.13
7.00
4.21
126,705,138
1,964,375
1,272,840.00
166 Kuwait
5.20
5.70
4.70
5.54
4,250,114
17,820
No Data
166 Kenya
7.02
6.93
7.10
5.33
53,005,614
580,370
110,347.00
166 Iran
7.03
7.37
6.70
3.13
87,923,432
1,745,150
359,713.00
166 India
5.75
6.70
4.80
5.42
1,407,563,842
3,287,260
3,176,300.00
166 Ethiopia
5.68
6.07
5.30
4.75
120,283,026
1,136,240
111,271.00
166 Colombia
7.75
7.30
8.20
5.63
51,516,562
1,140,619
314,464.00
166 Bangladesh
5.12
5.03
5.20
4.42
169,356,251
147,570
416,265.00
166 Bahrain
4.95
5.40
4.50
5.42
1,463,265
785
38,868.66
182 United Arab Emirates
6.37
7.03
5.70
5.13
9,365,145
98,648
415,022.00
182 Turkmenistan
4.40
4.40
4.40
2.21
6,341,855
488,100
No Data
182 Syria
7.07
6.43
7.70
1.92
21,324,367
185,180
No Data
182 South Sudan
6.32
5.13
7.50
1.88
10,748,272
646,883
No Data
182 Myanmar
8.15
7.70
8.60
1.63
53,798,084
676,590
65,091.75
182 Libya
6.93
6.57
7.30
1.54
6,735,277
1,759,540
42,817.47
182 Korea, DPR
4.82
5.73
3.90
1.79
25,971,909
120,540
No Data
182 Cambodia
6.85
6.70
7.00
3.63
16,589,023
181,040
26,961.06
182 Burundi
4.87
4.63
5.10
2.17
12,551,213
27,830
2,779.81
191 Yemen
6.57
5.63
7.50
1.75
32,981,641
527,970
9,412.03
191 Eritrea
3.97
3.93
4.00
2.33
3,620,312
121,630
No Data
191 Afghanistan
7.10
7.00
7.20
1.50
40,099,462
652,860
14,786.86

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Resilience Score

The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.

How to measure organized crime?

A series of 13 discussion papers, one for each illicit market considered during the development of the Index.

Read more on globalinitiative.net
How to measure organized crime?

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This report was funded in part by a grant from the United States Department of State.

ENACT is funded by the European Union and implemented by the Institute for Security Studies and INTERPOL, in affiliation with the Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime.

The opinions, findings and conclusions stated herein are those of the Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime and do not necessarily reflect those of the United States Department of State.