Tanzania
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    Tanzania

    Capital

    Dodoma

    Population

    56,318,348

    Area

    885,800 km²

    Coastline Length

    1,424 km

    Landborder Length

    4,161 km

    GDP total

    $57,437.07 million

    GDP per capita

    $1,050.68

    GINI Index

    37.8

    5.63

    Criminality Score

    17th of 54 African countries

    6th of 9 East Africa countries

    Criminal Actors

    5.00

    Mafia-Style Groups

    3.00

    Criminal Networks

    6.00

    State-Embedded Actors

    5.50

    Foreign Actors

    5.50

    Criminal market

    6.25

    Human Trafficking

    6.00

    Human Smuggling

    6.00

    Arms Trafficking

    5.50

    Flora Crimes

    7.00

    Fauna Crimes

    7.00

    Non-renewable-resource crimes

    6.00

    Heroin Trade

    7.50

    Cocaine Trade

    4.50

    Cannabis Trade

    8.00

    Synthetic Drugs Trade

    5.00

    4.13

    Resilience Score

    22nd of 54 African countries

    4th of 9 East Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    6.50

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    3.00

    International Cooperation

    4.00

    National Policies and Laws

    5.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    5.00

    Law Enforcement

    5.00

    Territorial Integrity

    4.50

    Anti-Money Laundering

    5.50

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    4.50

    Victim and Witness Support

    1.00

    Prevention

    3.00

    Non-State Actors

    2.00

    4.13 5.00 6.25 4.13 5.00 6.25

    4.13

    Resilience Score

    22nd of 54 African countries

    4th of 9 East Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    6.50

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    3.00

    International Cooperation

    4.00

    National Policies and Laws

    5.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    5.00

    Law Enforcement

    5.00

    Territorial Integrity

    4.50

    Anti-Money Laundering

    5.50

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    4.50

    Victim and Witness Support

    1.00

    Prevention

    3.00

    Non-State Actors

    2.00

    Tanzania ranks 17th in the Index for criminality, with a broad range of established criminal markets, but an absence of any particularly dominant criminal actor-types.

    No criminal market scores below 4.5, which suggests that of the ten markets studied, all have at least a moderate to high negative influence on society. However, with regards to criminal actors, no single actor type appears to dominate organised crime, with scores for criminal networks, state-embedded actors and foreign actors ranging between 5.5 and 6. Overall, Tanzania has become a strategic and important player in a number of regional illicit economies. These include growing drugs markets for cannabis and heroin, where the prevalence of users is high and Tanzanians play an instrumental role in trafficking networks. While resilience is deemed as moderate, ranking 22nd, with the government prioritising the fight against organised crime, evidence of tangible implementation is lacking. Experts note the shrinking space for civil society, and state targeting of lower-level drug users and trafficking victims, as being of significant concern.

    Analyses

    Drug trafficking, demand and use patterns in Africa, and policy implications

    Heroin trafficking is a crucial component of urban politics and development in East and Southern Africa.

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    The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.