Uganda
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    Uganda

    Capital

    Kampala

    Population

    42,723,139

    Area

    200,520 km²

    Landborder Length

    2,729 km

    GDP total

    $27,476.95 million

    GDP per capita

    $643.14

    GINI Index

    42.8

    6.05

    Criminality Score

    12th of 54 African countries

    5th of 9 East Africa countries

    Criminal Actors

    6.75

    Mafia-Style Groups

    5.50

    Criminal Networks

    6.50

    State-Embedded Actors

    7.50

    Foreign Actors

    7.50

    Criminal market

    5.35

    Human Trafficking

    4.50

    Human Smuggling

    4.00

    Arms Trafficking

    5.00

    Flora Crimes

    7.00

    Fauna Crimes

    6.50

    Non-renewable-resource crimes

    7.00

    Heroin Trade

    5.00

    Cocaine Trade

    3.00

    Cannabis Trade

    7.00

    Synthetic Drugs Trade

    4.50

    3.63

    Resilience Score

    29th of 54 African countries

    5th of 9 East Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    4.00

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    2.00

    International Cooperation

    4.50

    National Policies and Laws

    3.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    3.50

    Law Enforcement

    3.00

    Territorial Integrity

    4.50

    Anti-Money Laundering

    3.00

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    3.50

    Victim and Witness Support

    3.00

    Prevention

    4.00

    Non-State Actors

    5.00

    3.63 6.75 5.35 3.63 6.75 5.35

    3.63

    Resilience Score

    29th of 54 African countries

    5th of 9 East Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    4.00

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    2.00

    International Cooperation

    4.50

    National Policies and Laws

    3.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    3.50

    Law Enforcement

    3.00

    Territorial Integrity

    4.50

    Anti-Money Laundering

    3.00

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    3.50

    Victim and Witness Support

    3.00

    Prevention

    4.00

    Non-State Actors

    5.00

    Uganda ranks 12th in the Index for criminality, with a broad range of criminal markets and influential criminal actors.

    All criminal markets score between 3 and 7, indicating that while none of them are unimportant, neither do they have a severe influence on society. Similarly, none of the categories of criminal actors are viewed as having a severe influence, though all are well established, and at times, act together in certain illicit markets. Uganda scores moderately for resilience across most categories, ranking 29th overall. Although the government has publicly backed measures to combat organised crime, it has not matched its rhetoric with action on the ground. Major gaps in implementing policies are reported. Experts deem that corruption, lack of press freedom and government involvement in certain illicit flows are of concern. However, they judge the role played by civil society and other non-state actors to be positive, resulting in moderate resilience scores.

    Analyses

    Drug trafficking, demand and use patterns in Africa, and policy implications

    Heroin trafficking is a crucial component of urban politics and development in East and Southern Africa.

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    The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.