Sudan
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    Sudan

    Capital

    Khartoum

    Population

    41,801,533

    Area

    1,882,000 km²

    Coastline Length

    853 km

    Landborder Length

    6,819 km

    GDP total

    $40,851.54 million

    GDP per capita

    $977.27

    GINI Index

    35.4

    6.38

    Criminality Score

    6th of 54 African countries

    3rd of 9 East Africa countries

    Criminal Actors

    7.00

    Mafia-Style Groups

    5.00

    Criminal Networks

    7.50

    State-Embedded Actors

    8.00

    Foreign Actors

    7.50

    Criminal market

    5.75

    Human Trafficking

    8.50

    Human Smuggling

    8.00

    Arms Trafficking

    9.00

    Flora Crimes

    1.50

    Fauna Crimes

    5.00

    Non-renewable-resource crimes

    8.50

    Heroin Trade

    2.00

    Cocaine Trade

    2.50

    Cannabis Trade

    8.50

    Synthetic Drugs Trade

    4.00

    2.83

    Resilience Score

    38th of 54 African countries

    6th of 9 East Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    3.00

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    2.00

    International Cooperation

    4.00

    National Policies and Laws

    6.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    3.50

    Law Enforcement

    3.50

    Territorial Integrity

    2.00

    Anti-Money Laundering

    4.00

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    2.50

    Victim and Witness Support

    1.00

    Prevention

    1.00

    Non-State Actors

    1.00

    2.83 7.00 5.75 2.83 7.00 5.75

    2.83

    Resilience Score

    38th of 54 African countries

    6th of 9 East Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    3.00

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    2.00

    International Cooperation

    4.00

    National Policies and Laws

    6.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    3.50

    Law Enforcement

    3.50

    Territorial Integrity

    2.00

    Anti-Money Laundering

    4.00

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    2.50

    Victim and Witness Support

    1.00

    Prevention

    1.00

    Non-State Actors

    1.00

    Sudan ranks 6th in the Index for criminality, with high scores for multiple criminal markets and criminal actor types.

    This is mostly due to its role as a major transit country for arms trafficking, human trafficking, human smuggling and the illicit trade in non-renewable resources. Although Sudan is not a major transit country for drugs, local cannabis production and consumption are high. Experts note the presence of established criminal networks, state-embedded actors and foreign actors, all of which contribute to organised crime. Sudan scores relatively poorly on resilience, ranking 38th in Africa, though some indicators are deemed to be moderately effective. The failure to address organised crime appears to stem mostly from lack of political will, undoubtedly influenced by high levels of involvement of state officials in illicit trade flows.

    Analyses

    Sudan puts the brakes on cross-border vehicle smuggling

    Will Sudan’s border closures counter vehicle smuggling and other forms of organised crime?

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    The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.