Somalia
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    Somalia

    Capital

    Mogadishu

    Population

    15,008,154

    Area

    627,340 km²

    Coastline Length

    3,025 km

    Landborder Length

    2,385 km

    GDP total

    $7,484.00 million

    GDP per capita

    $498.66

    6.40

    Criminality Score

    4th of 54 African countries

    1st of 9 East Africa countries

    Criminal market

    4.80

    Human Trafficking

    7.00

    Human Smuggling

    7.00

    Arms Trafficking

    9.00

    Flora Crimes

    6.50

    Fauna Crimes

    6.00

    Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

    3.00

    Heroin Trade

    3.00

    Cocaine Trade

    1.50

    Cannabis Trade

    3.00

    Synthetic Drugs Trade

    2.00

    Criminal Actors

    8.00

    Mafia-Style Groups

    8.50

    Criminal Networks

    7.50

    State-Embedded Actors

    9.00

    Foreign Actors

    7.00

    1.42

    State Resilience Score

    54th of 54 African countries

    9th of 9 East Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    1.00

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    1.00

    International Cooperation

    1.00

    National Policies and Laws

    1.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    1.50

    Law Enforcement

    1.00

    Territorial Integrity

    1.50

    Anti-Money Laundering

    2.00

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    1.50

    Victim and Witness Support

    1.00

    Prevention

    1.00

    Non-State Actors

    3.00

    1.42 8.00 4.80 1.42 8.00 4.80

    1.42

    State Resilience Score

    54th of 54 African countries

    9th of 9 East Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    1.00

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    1.00

    International Cooperation

    1.00

    National Policies and Laws

    1.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    1.50

    Law Enforcement

    1.00

    Territorial Integrity

    1.50

    Anti-Money Laundering

    2.00

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    1.50

    Victim and Witness Support

    1.00

    Prevention

    1.00

    Non-State Actors

    3.00

    Somalia ranks 4th in the Index, with one of the highest criminality scores on the continent.

    This has been driven mostly by scores of over 7 in all four categories of criminal actors, with each actor-type judged as having a significant or severe negative impact on society. Experts give high scores to criminal markets including human smuggling, human trafficking and arms trafficking, but give low scores to illicit narcotics markets. Somalia’s lack of a legitimate government coupled with endemic corruption and its non-existent legal and judicial system result in it being ranked the least resilient country in Africa, ranking 54th overall.

    Analyses

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    The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.