Ethiopia
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    Ethiopia

    Capital

    Addis Ababa

    Population

    109,224,559

    Area

    1,000,000 km²

    Landborder Length

    5,925 km

    GDP total

    $84,355.46 million

    GDP per capita

    $772.31

    GINI Index

    39.1

    4.58

    Criminality Score

    37th of 54 African countries

    7th of 9 East Africa countries

    Criminal market

    4.40

    Human Trafficking

    6.00

    Human Smuggling

    6.00

    Arms Trafficking

    6.50

    Flora Crimes

    3.50

    Fauna Crimes

    3.00

    Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

    4.00

    Heroin Trade

    3.00

    Cocaine Trade

    4.00

    Cannabis Trade

    5.00

    Synthetic Drugs Trade

    3.00

    Criminal Actors

    4.75

    Mafia-Style Groups

    2.00

    Criminal Networks

    6.50

    State-Embedded Actors

    3.50

    Foreign Actors

    7.00

    6.00

    State Resilience Score

    6th of 54 African countries

    1st of 9 East Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    6.50

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    6.50

    International Cooperation

    7.00

    National Policies and Laws

    7.00

    Judicial System and Detention

    5.00

    Law Enforcement

    6.00

    Territorial Integrity

    7.00

    Anti-Money Laundering

    7.00

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    6.00

    Victim and Witness Support

    4.00

    Prevention

    4.50

    Non-State Actors

    5.50

    6.00 4.75 4.40 6.00 4.75 4.40

    6.00

    State Resilience Score

    6th of 54 African countries

    1st of 9 East Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    6.50

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    6.50

    International Cooperation

    7.00

    National Policies and Laws

    7.00

    Judicial System and Detention

    5.00

    Law Enforcement

    6.00

    Territorial Integrity

    7.00

    Anti-Money Laundering

    7.00

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    6.00

    Victim and Witness Support

    4.00

    Prevention

    4.50

    Non-State Actors

    5.50

    Ethiopia ranks 37th in the Index, with most criminal markets scoring below 5, suggesting a moderate negative influence on society.

    Human smuggling, human trafficking and arms trafficking are the most prevalent markets. Established criminal networks and foreign actors are involved in human smuggling and trafficking in Ethiopia, as well as the illicit narcotics trade. Although there is no evidence of the direct involvement of state-embedded actors in organised crime, experts note high levels of corruption. The government has demonstrated a willingness to tackle organised crime, leading to Ethiopia ranking as one of Africa’s most resilient nations, ranking 6th on the continent. Effective anti-money laundering legislation, ratification of international treaties and prevention of smuggling and trafficking all contribute to high scores in resilience categories.

    Analyses

    Cross-border smuggling between Kenya and Ethiopia continues apace

    The two countries need to increase cooperation to secure hundreds of millions of dollars in revenue.

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    The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.