Central African Republic
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    Central African Republic

    Capital

    Bangui

    Population

    4,666,377

    Area

    622,980 km²

    Landborder Length

    5,920 km

    GDP total

    $2,379.72 million

    GDP per capita

    $509.97

    GINI Index

    56.2

    6.87

    Criminality Score

    3rd of 54 African countries

    2nd of 11 Central Africa countries

    Criminal market

    5.85

    Human Trafficking

    7.00

    Human Smuggling

    5.00

    Arms Trafficking

    8.50

    Flora Crimes

    6.50

    Fauna Crimes

    8.00

    Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

    9.00

    Heroin Trade

    3.00

    Cocaine Trade

    1.50

    Cannabis Trade

    3.00

    Synthetic Drugs Trade

    7.00

    Criminal Actors

    7.88

    Mafia-Style Groups

    8.50

    Criminal Networks

    8.00

    State-Embedded Actors

    7.50

    Foreign Actors

    7.50

    1.50

    State Resilience Score

    52nd of 54 African countries

    11th of 11 Central Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    1.50

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    1.50

    International Cooperation

    4.00

    National Policies and Laws

    1.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    1.00

    Law Enforcement

    1.00

    Territorial Integrity

    1.00

    Anti-Money Laundering

    1.00

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    1.50

    Victim and Witness Support

    1.00

    Prevention

    1.00

    Non-State Actors

    2.00

    1.50 7.88 5.85 1.50 7.88 5.85

    1.50

    State Resilience Score

    52nd of 54 African countries

    11th of 11 Central Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    1.50

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    1.50

    International Cooperation

    4.00

    National Policies and Laws

    1.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    1.00

    Law Enforcement

    1.00

    Territorial Integrity

    1.00

    Anti-Money Laundering

    1.00

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    1.50

    Victim and Witness Support

    1.00

    Prevention

    1.00

    Non-State Actors

    2.00

    Organised crime in the Central African Republic (CAR) – ranking 3rd in Africa for criminality – is highly pervasive and has a widespread negative impact on society, due to both the severity of criminal markets and the influence of criminal actors.

    Scores across nearly all criminal markets are very poor. Illicit mining and trafficking of diamonds are omnipresent throughout the CAR, and mafia-style groups are heavily involved in these activities. These groups are also often involved in other high-scoring criminal markets, such as arms trafficking and the fauna criminal market, in which foreign actors play an influential role. Organised crime is ubiquitous and experts note the CAR’s state apparatus has failed for years, which is reflected in the nation being ranked 52nd in Africa for resilience. There is no evidence of any polices or strategies having been implemented to prevent organised crime, and capacity to combat it is non-existent. Corruption is reported to be highly prevalent in government, which often cooperates with and facilitates the criminal actors that operate in the country. This, combined with the porous borders and the dominance of mafia style groups, leads the CAR to be highly affected by organised crime, with no signs of change.

    Analyses

    Chad’s illegal drug trade contributes to regional insecurity

    Curbing tramadol and other trafficking networks requires transnational cooperation.

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    The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.