Nigeria
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    Nigeria

    Capital

    Abuja

    Population

    195,874,740

    Area

    910,770 km²

    Coastline Length

    853 km

    Landborder Length

    4,477 km

    GDP total

    $397,269.62 million

    GDP per capita

    $2,028.18

    GINI Index

    43.0

    7.70

    Criminality Score

    1st of 54 African countries

    1st of 15 West Africa countries

    Criminal market

    7.65

    Human Trafficking

    8.50

    Human Smuggling

    7.00

    Arms Trafficking

    7.50

    Flora Crimes

    7.00

    Fauna Crimes

    8.00

    Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

    9.00

    Heroin Trade

    6.50

    Cocaine Trade

    6.50

    Cannabis Trade

    8.00

    Synthetic Drugs Trade

    8.50

    Criminal Actors

    7.75

    Mafia-Style Groups

    6.00

    Criminal Networks

    9.50

    State-Embedded Actors

    8.00

    Foreign Actors

    7.50

    5.67

    State Resilience Score

    8th of 54 African countries

    3rd of 15 West Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    5.50

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    5.50

    International Cooperation

    6.50

    National Policies and Laws

    8.00

    Judicial System and Detention

    4.00

    Law Enforcement

    6.00

    Territorial Integrity

    5.00

    Anti-Money Laundering

    6.00

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    6.00

    Victim and Witness Support

    4.00

    Prevention

    5.00

    Non-State Actors

    6.50

    5.67 7.75 7.65 5.67 7.75 7.65

    5.67

    State Resilience Score

    8th of 54 African countries

    3rd of 15 West Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    5.50

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    5.50

    International Cooperation

    6.50

    National Policies and Laws

    8.00

    Judicial System and Detention

    4.00

    Law Enforcement

    6.00

    Territorial Integrity

    5.00

    Anti-Money Laundering

    6.00

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    6.00

    Victim and Witness Support

    4.00

    Prevention

    5.00

    Non-State Actors

    6.50

    Nigeria has the highest level of criminality in Africa, ranking 1st in the Index.

    Although four countries in Africa rank higher for criminal actors, Nigeria has the highest score for criminal markets, as a result of very high scores in almost every criminal market subcomponent. No criminal market scores lower than 6.5, and half of them exert a severe impact on nearly all parts of society. Nigeria has the highest score in Africa for the illicit market for non-renewables, driven mainly by the high levels of oil bunkering that occur in the country, as well as illegal gold mining. Nigeria also faces severe problems with regard to drug markets, cannabis and synthetic drugs in particular, the illicit fauna market and human trafficking. A major factor in the pervasiveness of criminal markets throughout Nigeria is the strength of numerous types of criminal actors operating in the country. Criminal networks, scoring 9.5 in the Index, are ubiquitous in Nigeria, accounting overwhelmingly for the dominant form of criminal entrepreneurship that is present in the country. State-embedded and foreign criminal actors are also heavily involved in organised-criminal activity in Nigeria. Yet, although Nigeria has the highest levels of criminality in Africa, it is simultaneously in the top ten highest-scoring countries for resilience, ranking 8th on the continent. Nigeria has the most robust and comprehensive organised-crime legislative framework in Africa, building upon a solid foundation of international cooperation on the matter. Furthermore, the country’s law-enforcement agencies, its anti-money laundering capacity and the strength of the economic regulatory environment in Nigeria have all been key factors in the country’s ability to penetrate organised-criminal activity. Nigeria has also allowed non-state actors to grow and operate relatively effectively, particularly in tackling drug consumption and trafficking. Nevertheless, there is significant scope for improvement with regard to the criminal-justice system’s ability to tackle organised crime.

    Analyses

    Tramadol smugglers’ transnational network from Nigeria to Niger

    To combat the smuggling of tramadol, West African governments must address the problem at its distribution stages.

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    The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.