Zambia
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    Zambia

    Capital

    Lusaka

    Population

    17,351,822

    Area

    743,390 km²

    Landborder Length

    6,043 km

    GDP total

    $26,720.07 million

    GDP per capita

    $1,539.90

    GINI Index

    57.1

    4.87

    Criminality Score

    28th of 54 African countries

    5th of 13 Southern Africa countries

    Criminal market

    4.60

    Human Trafficking

    5.00

    Human Smuggling

    2.50

    Arms Trafficking

    4.00

    Flora Crimes

    8.00

    Fauna Crimes

    6.00

    Non-Renewable Resources Crimes

    5.50

    Heroin Trade

    4.00

    Cocaine Trade

    3.00

    Cannabis Trade

    5.00

    Synthetic Drugs Trade

    3.00

    Criminal Actors

    5.13

    Mafia-Style Groups

    3.00

    Criminal Networks

    4.50

    State-Embedded Actors

    6.00

    Foreign Actors

    7.00

    3.96

    State Resilience Score

    24th of 54 African countries

    7th of 13 Southern Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    4.50

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    3.00

    International Cooperation

    4.50

    National Policies and Laws

    6.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    5.00

    Law Enforcement

    4.50

    Territorial Integrity

    3.50

    Anti-Money Laundering

    2.00

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    5.00

    Victim and Witness Support

    2.00

    Prevention

    2.00

    Non-State Actors

    5.00

    3.96 5.13 4.60 3.96 5.13 4.60

    3.96

    State Resilience Score

    24th of 54 African countries

    7th of 13 Southern Africa countries

    Political Leadership and Governance

    4.50

    Government Transparency and Accountability

    3.00

    International Cooperation

    4.50

    National Policies and Laws

    6.50

    Judicial System and Detention

    5.00

    Law Enforcement

    4.50

    Territorial Integrity

    3.50

    Anti-Money Laundering

    2.00

    Economic Regulatory Environment

    5.00

    Victim and Witness Support

    2.00

    Prevention

    2.00

    Non-State Actors

    5.00

    Zambia ranks 28th in the Index, falling just below the continental average for criminality.

    The major criminal markets in Zambia are in flora, fauna and non-renewable resources, with scores of 8, 6 and 5.5 respectively, suggesting a significant to severe influence. Poaching of wild animals and animal products, illegal logging, and illicit trade in cooper ore and fuel are all reported as major issues. Illicit narcotics markets are deemed as moderate. The cannabis trade is the most established, scoring 5, with production and consumption reported to be widespread. Although all four types of criminal actors exert some form of influence in the country, foreign and state-embedded actors are the most pervasive, due to their involvement in multiple illegal networks. In terms of resilience, Zambia ranks 24th in Africa. Experts judge some areas in the fight against organised crime as somewhat effective, in particular the robust legislative framework. But widespread corruption, weak anti-money laundering capacity and porous borders contribute to poor scores below 5.

    Analyses

    Zambia Security Intelligence Service Act

    An Act to provide for the establishment of the Zambia Security Intelligence Service, its functions and discipline; and to provide for matters incidental thereto or connected therewith.

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    The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.