Ranking by

Human smuggling

Main Index Scores
Complementary Data
Country
Human smuggling
Criminality
Criminal market
Criminal actors
Resilience
Population
Area (KM²)
GDP Total US$ Mi
1 Eritrea
4.34
4.05
4.63
2.33
3,213,972
117,600
2,065.00
2 Turkey
6.89
6.40
7.38
3.54
83,429,615
785,350
761,425.50
3 Iraq
7.05
6.35
7.75
3.79
39,309,783
435,052
234,094.04
3 Mexico
7.57
8.00
7.13
4.46
127,575,529
1,964,375
1,268,870.53
3 Syria
6.84
6.05
7.63
1.88
17,070,135
185,180
No Data
6 Afghanistan
7.08
6.90
7.25
2.67
38,041,754
652,860
19,291.10
6 Iran
7.10
6.95
7.25
3.50
82,913,906
1,745,150
453,996.48
6 Libya
6.55
6.10
7.00
1.54
6,777,452
1,759,540
52,091.15
9 Greece
4.93
4.10
5.75
5.25
10,717,169
131,960
209,852.76
9 Myanmar
7.59
7.05
8.13
3.42
54,045,420
676,590
76,085.85
9 Saudi Arabia
6.02
6.90
5.13
4.29
34,268,528
2,149,690
792,966.84
9 Somalia
5.79
4.45
7.13
1.67
15,442,905
637,660
No Data
9 Sudan
6.47
5.55
7.38
2.96
42,813,238
1,854,105
30,513.46
9 Venezuela
6.64
5.65
7.63
1.92
28,515,829
912,050
482,359.32
9 Yemen
6.13
5.00
7.25
2.00
29,161,922
527,970
22,581.08
16 Bosnia and Herzegovina
5.89
5.15
6.63
3.92
3,301,000
51,210
20,164.19
16 Chad
5.87
5.35
6.38
2.46
15,946,876
1,284,000
11,314.95
16 Colombia
7.67
7.20
8.13
5.83
50,339,443
1,141,750
323,615.98
16 Djibouti
3.99
3.60
4.38
4.50
973,560
23,200
3,324.63
16 Germany
4.90
4.80
5.00
7.67
83,092,962
357,580
3,861,123.56
16 Guatemala
6.48
5.95
7.00
4.42
16,604,026
108,890
76,710.36
16 Kenya
6.95
6.65
7.25
5.21
52,573,973
580,370
95,503.09
16 Malaysia
5.94
6.25
5.63
5.83
31,949,777
330,345
364,681.37
16 Niger
6.02
5.90
6.13
3.21
23,310,715
1,267,000
12,911.69
16 Pakistan
6.28
6.30
6.25
4.00
216,565,318
796,100
278,221.91
16 Spain
5.78
5.30
6.25
6.63
47,133,521
505,957
1,393,490.52
16 Thailand
5.77
6.40
5.13
4.67
69,625,582
513,120
543,548.97
16 Tunisia
3.79
4.20
3.38
4.83
11,694,719
163,610
38,796.69
16 Vietnam
6.28
6.05
6.50
4.67
96,462,106
331,230
261,921.24
30 Albania
5.63
5.25
6.00
5.04
2,854,191
28,750
15,279.18
30 Algeria
4.52
4.65
4.38
4.63
43,053,054
2,381,741
171,091.29
30 Cambodia
5.83
6.15
5.50
3.92
16,486,542
181,040
27,089.39
30 Côte d'Ivoire
6.15
6.05
6.25
4.42
25,716,544
322,460
58,539.42
30 El Salvador
5.94
5.00
6.88
3.71
6,453,553
21,040
27,022.64
30 Ethiopia
4.79
4.95
4.63
5.38
112,078,730
1,136,259
95,912.59
30 France
5.67
5.70
5.63
6.83
67,055,854
549,087
2,715,518.27
30 Haiti
5.73
5.45
6.00
2.67
11,263,077
27,750
14,332.16
30 Honduras
6.98
5.70
8.25
3.92
9,746,117
112,490
25,095.40
30 Italy
5.82
5.25
6.38
6.29
60,302,093
302,070
2,003,576.15
30 Korea, DPR
4.78
5.30
4.25
1.96
25,666,161
120,540
No Data
30 Kuwait
5.14
6.15
4.13
5.54
4,207,083
17,820
134,628.54
30 Laos
5.52
5.65
5.38
3.42
7,169,455
236,800
18,173.84
30 Lebanon
6.77
5.90
7.63
4.00
6,855,713
10,450
51,991.63
30 Morocco
4.79
4.95
4.63
4.63
36,471,769
446,550
119,700.33
30 Nepal
6.17
5.70
6.63
3.71
28,608,710
147,180
30,641.38
30 North Macedonia
5.32
5.00
5.63
5.21
2,083,459
25,710
12,547.04
30 Serbia
6.22
5.55
6.88
4.92
6,945,235
88,360
51,475.02
30 Tanzania
6.15
6.55
5.75
4.04
58,005,463
947,300
63,177.07
30 Ukraine
6.18
5.60
6.75
4.00
44,386,203
603,550
153,781.07
30 United Arab Emirates
5.75
6.75
4.75
5.33
9,770,529
98,648
421,142.27
51 Bangladesh
4.98
4.95
5.00
4.13
163,046,161
147,570
302,571.25
51 China
6.02
5.90
6.13
5.46
1,397,715,000
9,600,013
14,279,937.47
51 Croatia
5.07
4.75
5.38
5.58
4,065,253
88,070
60,752.59
51 Cuba
3.44
4.00
2.88
5.38
11,333,483
109,880
100,023.00
51 Cyprus
4.19
3.50
4.88
4.42
1,198,575
9,250
24,948.94
51 Dominican Republic
5.15
5.30
5.00
4.67
10,738,958
48,670
88,941.30
51 Hungary
4.50
4.75
4.25
5.08
9,771,141
93,030
163,469.04
51 India
5.53
6.30
4.75
5.25
1,366,417,754
3,287,259
2,868,929.42
51 Indonesia
6.38
6.00
6.75
4.33
270,625,568
1,916,862
1,119,190.78
51 Mali
5.89
6.15
5.63
2.38
19,658,031
1,240,190
17,279.57
51 Mauritania
4.38
4.00
4.75
3.08
4,525,696
1,030,700
7,600.66
51 Nigeria
7.15
7.05
7.25
5.50
200,963,599
923,770
448,120.43
51 Paraguay
6.70
5.90
7.50
3.38
7,044,636
406,752
38,145.29
51 Peru
6.35
6.20
6.50
4.58
32,510,453
1,285,220
226,848.05
51 Qatar
5.22
5.80
4.63
5.58
2,832,067
11,490
175,837.55
51 Russia
6.24
6.10
6.38
4.04
144,406,261
17,098,250
1,699,876.58
51 Sri Lanka
4.64
4.65
4.63
4.04
21,803,000
65,610
84,008.78
51 Tajikistan
5.62
5.10
6.13
2.67
9,321,018
141,380
8,116.63
51 Uzbekistan
4.97
4.55
5.38
3.79
33,580,350
448,924
57,921.29
70 Bahrain
4.83
5.65
4.00
5.54
1,641,172
780
38,574.07
70 Belarus
5.08
4.40
5.75
3.79
9,417,849
207,600
63,080.46
70 Belgium
4.34
5.05
3.63
7.00
11,502,704
30,530
533,097.46
70 Burundi
4.52
4.40
4.63
2.08
11,530,580
27,830
3,012.33
70 Cameroon
6.32
6.25
6.38
3.13
25,876,380
475,440
39,007.35
70 Comoros
3.87
3.85
3.88
2.38
850,886
1,861
1,165.84
70 Congo, Dem. Rep.
7.75
6.50
9.00
2.29
86,790,567
2,344,860
50,400.75
70 Ecuador
6.25
6.00
6.50
5.71
17,373,662
256,370
107,435.67
70 Egypt
5.17
4.95
5.38
4.04
100,388,073
1,001,450
303,092.26
70 Gabon
4.90
4.80
5.00
3.17
2,172,579
267,670
16,874.45
70 Jordan
4.72
4.55
4.88
5.92
10,101,694
89,320
44,502.90
70 Maldives
4.07
3.50
4.63
3.88
530,953
300
5,642.18
70 Montenegro
6.00
5.00
7.00
4.46
622,028
13,810
5,542.58
70 Nicaragua
6.07
5.50
6.63
2.46
6,545,502
130,370
12,520.92
70 Panama
6.68
6.35
7.00
4.83
4,246,439
75,320
66,800.80
70 Romania
4.59
5.05
4.13
5.58
19,366,221
238,400
250,077.44
70 Slovenia
4.29
3.95
4.63
6.08
2,088,385
20,480
54,174.23
70 South Sudan
6.34
5.30
7.38
1.83
11,062,113
633,907
11,997.80
70 Sweden
4.57
4.25
4.88
7.46
10,278,887
447,430
530,883.87
89 Austria
4.04
3.95
4.13
7.42
8,879,920
83,879
445,075.39
89 Bahamas
3.79
3.95
3.63
5.21
389,482
13,880
13,578.80
89 Belize
4.64
4.40
4.88
3.13
390,353
22,970
1,879.61
89 Bulgaria
5.43
5.10
5.75
5.29
6,975,761
111,000
68,558.82
89 Costa Rica
4.99
4.85
5.13
5.50
5,047,561
51,100
61,801.39
89 Czech Republic
4.63
4.75
4.50
6.25
10,671,870
78,870
250,680.50
89 Gambia
4.83
5.15
4.50
5.00
2,347,706
11,300
1,826.07
89 Ghana
6.02
6.15
5.88
5.38
30,417,856
238,540
66,983.63
89 Mozambique
6.53
6.05
7.00
3.29
30,366,036
799,380
15,291.45
89 Philippines
6.84
6.30
7.38
4.13
108,116,615
300,000
376,795.51
89 Senegal
4.82
5.00
4.63
5.58
16,296,364
196,710
23,578.08
89 Timor-Leste
3.97
3.55
4.38
3.67
1,293,119
14,870
2,017.92
89 Turkmenistan
4.62
4.35
4.88
2.17
5,942,089
488,100
40,761.14
89 Uganda
6.14
5.65
6.63
3.96
44,269,594
241,550
35,165.16
89 United Kingdom
4.89
4.40
5.38
7.88
66,836,327
243,610
2,829,108.22
104 Central African Republic
7.04
5.70
8.38
1.92
4,745,185
622,980
2,220.31
104 Chile
4.60
4.45
4.75
6.42
18,952,038
756,700
282,318.16
104 Congo, Rep.
5.03
4.80
5.25
3.25
5,380,508
342,000
12,267.39
104 Denmark
3.87
3.85
3.88
8.21
5,814,422
42,920
350,104.33
104 Japan
4.53
4.05
5.00
7.46
126,264,931
377,974
5,081,769.54
104 Korea, Rep.
4.92
3.95
5.88
7.54
51,709,098
100,370
1,646,739.22
104 Kyrgyzstan
5.33
4.40
6.25
4.17
6,456,200
199,950
8,454.62
104 Netherlands
4.69
5.00
4.38
7.42
17,344,874
41,540
907,050.86
104 Poland
4.02
4.40
3.63
6.13
37,965,475
312,690
595,858.21
104 United States
5.50
5.50
5.50
6.58
328,239,523
9,831,510
21,433,226.00
114 Angola
5.29
5.20
5.38
4.42
31,825,295
1,246,700
88,815.70
114 Benin
5.25
5.25
5.25
3.54
11,801,151
114,760
14,390.71
114 Brazil
6.50
6.50
6.50
5.04
211,049,527
8,515,770
1,839,758.04
114 Brunei
2.77
3.15
2.38
4.58
433,285
5,770
13,469.42
114 Burkina Faso
5.49
5.35
5.63
3.63
20,321,378
274,220
15,990.80
114 Canada
3.67
3.45
3.88
7.25
37,593,384
9,879,750
1,736,425.63
114 Guyana
5.10
4.70
5.50
4.29
782,766
214,970
5,173.76
114 Ireland
4.90
4.55
5.25
7.38
4,934,040
70,280
388,698.71
114 Kazakhstan
4.27
4.15
4.38
4.71
18,513,673
2,724,902
181,665.91
114 Malta
4.65
4.05
5.25
5.17
504,062
320
14,989.42
114 Moldova
4.45
3.90
5.00
3.71
2,663,251
33,850
11,968.71
114 Oman
4.14
4.90
3.38
5.25
4,974,986
309,500
76,331.52
114 Papua New Guinea
5.44
5.00
5.88
3.42
8,776,109
462,840
24,829.11
114 Portugal
4.55
4.10
5.00
6.46
10,286,263
92,226
238,785.09
114 Sierra Leone
5.40
5.05
5.75
3.46
7,813,215
72,300
4,121.73
114 South Africa
6.63
6.00
7.25
5.79
58,558,267
1,219,090
351,431.65
114 Suriname
4.90
4.55
5.25
2.25
581,363
163,820
3,697.37
114 Trinidad and Tobago
4.94
4.25
5.63
5.21
1,394,973
5,130
24,269.71
132 Fiji
3.90
3.80
4.00
5.25
889,953
18,270
5,496.25
132 Latvia
3.52
3.65
3.38
7.42
1,913,822
64,570
34,102.91
132 Malawi
3.83
4.15
3.50
4.29
18,628,747
118,480
7,666.70
132 Mauritius
4.52
4.40
4.63
5.67
1,265,711
2,040
14,048.43
132 New Zealand
3.25
3.25
3.25
8.38
4,979,300
267,710
206,928.77
132 Norway
3.82
4.00
3.63
7.92
5,347,896
625,222
403,336.36
132 Seychelles
3.68
3.60
3.75
4.58
97,625
460
1,703.39
132 Slovakia
4.69
4.25
5.13
5.38
5,454,147
49,030
105,079.67
132 Togo
5.33
4.90
5.75
4.00
8,082,366
56,790
5,490.27
132 Zimbabwe
5.67
5.20
6.13
3.17
14,645,468
390,760
21,440.76
142 Andorra
2.97
2.55
3.38
7.75
77,142
470
3,154.06
142 Argentina
4.38
3.75
5.00
6.33
44,938,712
2,780,400
445,445.18
142 Australia
4.00
3.75
4.25
7.96
25,365,745
7,741,220
1,396,567.01
142 Azerbaijan
5.08
4.15
6.00
4.08
10,024,283
86,600
48,047.65
142 Bhutan
3.69
3.75
3.63
4.58
763,092
38,390
2,530.55
142 Botswana
3.72
3.80
3.63
5.63
2,303,697
581,730
18,340.48
142 Estonia
3.60
3.45
3.75
7.83
1,326,898
45,340
31,471.10
142 Eswatini
3.63
3.25
4.00
3.25
1,148,130
17,360
4,471.60
142 Guinea
5.20
5.15
5.25
2.83
12,771,246
245,860
12,296.67
142 Iceland
3.39
2.65
4.13
8.04
360,563
103,000
24,188.04
142 Jamaica
5.92
4.20
7.63
5.46
2,948,279
10,990
16,458.07
142 Lesotho
3.90
3.55
4.25
3.67
2,125,268
30,360
2,376.33
142 Liberia
5.05
5.10
5.00
3.17
4,937,374
111,370
3,070.52
142 Madagascar
5.59
5.30
5.88
3.38
26,969,307
587,295
14,114.63
142 Micronesia (Federated States of)
3.30
2.85
3.75
5.33
113,815
700
401.93
142 Mongolia
4.02
3.90
4.13
5.08
3,225,167
1,564,116
13,996.72
142 Palau
2.94
3.00
2.88
4.54
18,008
460
268.35
142 Switzerland
4.34
4.30
4.38
7.13
8,575,280
41,290
703,082.44
142 Zambia
4.93
4.60
5.25
4.33
17,861,030
752,610
23,309.77
161 Dominica
2.63
2.75
2.50
5.08
71,808
750
582.40
161 Finland
2.72
2.80
2.63
8.42
5,521,606
338,450
269,296.31
161 Guinea-Bissau
5.45
4.90
6.00
2.42
1,920,922
36,130
1,339.45
161 Israel
4.42
4.20
4.63
6.00
9,054,000
22,070
394,652.21
161 Lithuania
3.32
3.00
3.63
7.21
2,794,137
65,290
54,627.41
161 Namibia
4.33
3.90
4.75
4.96
2,494,530
824,290
12,366.53
161 Nauru
1.77
1.65
1.88
4.67
12,581
20
118.22
161 Rwanda
3.68
4.10
3.25
5.50
12,626,950
26,340
10,354.42
161 Singapore
3.13
3.25
3.00
7.71
5,703,569
719
372,062.53
161 St. Kitts and Nevis
4.10
3.20
5.00
5.00
52,834
260
1,053.24
171 Antigua and Barbuda
3.34
3.05
3.63
4.33
97,118
440
1,661.96
171 Armenia
3.27
3.40
3.13
5.71
2,957,731
29,740
13,672.80
171 Barbados
3.22
2.55
3.88
5.71
287,025
430
5,209.00
171 Bolivia
4.30
4.60
4.00
4.88
11,513,100
1,098,580
40,895.32
171 Cabo Verde
4.04
3.70
4.38
6.33
549,935
4,030
1,981.85
171 Equatorial Guinea
4.12
3.85
4.38
2.17
1,355,986
28,050
11,026.77
171 Georgia
2.97
3.05
2.88
5.71
3,720,161
69,700
17,477.26
171 Luxembourg
2.37
2.35
2.38
7.50
620,001
2,590
71,104.92
171 Marshall Islands
2.32
2.50
2.13
5.04
58,791
180
221.28
171 Samoa
2.04
2.45
1.63
5.67
197,097
2,840
852.25
171 Solomon Islands
4.15
3.55
4.75
5.21
669,823
28,900
1,589.91
171 Uruguay
2.69
2.75
2.63
7.75
3,461,734
176,220
56,045.91
183 Kiribati
2.35
2.45
2.25
4.33
117,606
810
194.65
183 Liechtenstein
1.88
2.00
1.75
8.42
38,019
160
6,876.98
183 San Marino
3.02
1.90
4.13
5.13
33,860
60
1,655.30
183 Sao Tome and Principe
1.78
1.80
1.75
4.92
215,056
960
418.64
183 St. Lucia
4.09
3.05
5.13
5.63
182,790
620
2,122.45
183 Vanuatu
2.20
2.40
2.00
5.33
299,882
12,190
934.24
189 Grenada
3.05
2.85
3.25
4.67
112,003
340
1,210.60
189 Monaco
2.43
1.60
3.25
5.38
38,964
75
7,188.24
189 St. Vincent and the Grenadines
3.30
2.85
3.75
5.46
110,589
390
824.72
189 Tonga
3.78
3.30
4.25
5.21
104,494
750
512.35
189 Tuvalu
1.54
1.70
1.38
6.04
11,646
30
47.27

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Resilience Score

The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.

This report was funded in part by a grant from the United States Department of State.

ENACT is funded by the European Union and implemented by the Institute for Security Studies and INTERPOL, in affiliation with the Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime.

The opinions, findings and conclusions stated herein are those of the Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime and do not necessarily reflect those of the United States Department of State.