Southern Europe
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Europe

Profile

Southern Europe

GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT (GDP)

USD 3,894,486.42 million

Population

130,214,507

Area

1,041,918 km²

Countries

Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Malta, Monaco, Portugal, San Marino, Spain.

4.42

Criminality score

2nd of 4 regions in Europe

Criminal market

3.73

Human trafficking

4.75

Human smuggling

4.69

Arms trafficking

3.31

Flora crimes

2.13

Fauna crimes

3.06

Non-renewable resource crimes

2.94

Heroin trade

3.81

Cocaine trade

4.75

Cannabis trade

4.38

Synthetic drug trade

3.44

Criminal actors

5.11

Mafia-style groups

3.81

Criminal networks

5.13

State-embedded actors

5.38

Foreign actors

6.13

5.59

Resilience score

3rd of 4 regions in Europe

Political leadership and governance

5.25

Government transparency and accountability

4.88

International cooperation

6.88

National policies and laws

6.56

Judicial system and detention

5.63

Law enforcement

6.19

Territorial integrity

5.38

Anti-money laundering

5.00

Economic regulatory capacity

5.19

Victim and witness support

6.00

Prevention

4.69

Non-state actors

5.44

5.59 5.11 3.73 5.59 5.11 3.73

Profile

Europe

GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT (GDP)

USD 21,638,752.95 million

Population

745,567,591

Area

23,337,816 km²

Countries

Albania, Andorra, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, North Macedonia, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, San Marino, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom.

4.49

Criminality score

4th of 5 continents

Criminal market

4.21

Human trafficking

4.94

Human smuggling

4.72

Arms trafficking

4.23

Flora crimes

2.75

Fauna crimes

3.24

Non-renewable resource crimes

3.35

Heroin trade

4.36

Cocaine trade

4.83

Cannabis trade

4.88

Synthetic drug trade

4.76

Criminal actors

4.76

Mafia-style groups

3.92

Criminal networks

5.16

State-embedded actors

4.58

Foreign actors

5.38

6.23

Resilience Score

1st of 5 continents

Political leadership and governance

6.05

Government transparency and accountability

5.78

International cooperation

7.02

National policies and laws

6.70

Judicial system and detention

6.17

Law enforcement

6.36

Territorial integrity

6.57

Anti-money laundering

5.78

Economic regulatory capacity

6.08

Victim and witness support

6.05

Prevention

5.98

Non-state actors

6.19

6.23 4.76 4.21 6.23 4.76 4.21

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.

This report was funded in part by a grant from the United States Department of State.

ENACT is funded by the European Union and implemented by the Institute for Security Studies and INTERPOL, in affiliation with the Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime.

The opinions, findings and conclusions stated herein are those of the Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime and do not necessarily reflect those of the United States Department of State.