Southern Europe
x
Belgium

Profile

Southern Europe

GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT (GDP)

USD 3,894,486.42 million

Population

130,214,507

Area

1,041,918 km²

Countries

Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Malta, Monaco, Portugal, San Marino, Spain.

4.42

Criminality score

2nd of 4 regions in Europe

Criminal market

3.73

Human trafficking

4.75

Human smuggling

4.69

Arms trafficking

3.31

Flora crimes

2.13

Fauna crimes

3.06

Non-renewable resource crimes

2.94

Heroin trade

3.81

Cocaine trade

4.75

Cannabis trade

4.38

Synthetic drug trade

3.44

Criminal actors

5.11

Mafia-style groups

3.81

Criminal networks

5.13

State-embedded actors

5.38

Foreign actors

6.13

5.59

Resilience score

3rd of 4 regions in Europe

Political leadership and governance

5.25

Government transparency and accountability

4.88

International cooperation

6.88

National policies and laws

6.56

Judicial system and detention

5.63

Law enforcement

6.19

Territorial integrity

5.38

Anti-money laundering

5.00

Economic regulatory capacity

5.19

Victim and witness support

6.00

Prevention

4.69

Non-state actors

5.44

5.59 5.11 3.73 5.59 5.11 3.73

Profile

Belgium

Capital

Brussels

GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT (GDP)

USD 533,097.46 million

Income group

High income

Population

11,502,704

Area

30,530 km²

Geography type

Coastal

4.34

Criminality score

127th of 193 countries

27th of 44 countries in Europe

6th of 11 countries in Western Europe

Criminal market

5.05

Human trafficking

5.00

Human smuggling

5.50

Arms trafficking

5.50

Flora crimes

2.50

Fauna crimes

3.50

Non-renewable resource crimes

3.00

Heroin trade

4.00

Cocaine trade

7.50

Cannabis trade

6.50

Synthetic drug trade

7.50

Criminal actors

3.63

Mafia-style groups

3.00

Criminal networks

4.50

State-embedded actors

2.00

Foreign actors

5.00

7.00

Resilience score

25th of 193 countries

18th of 44 countries in Europe

10th of 11 countries in Western Europe

Political leadership and governance

7.00

Government transparency and accountability

7.00

International cooperation

8.00

National policies and laws

7.00

Judicial system and detention

6.00

Law enforcement

7.00

Territorial integrity

6.00

Anti-money laundering

7.00

Economic regulatory capacity

7.00

Victim and witness support

7.50

Prevention

6.50

Non-state actors

8.00

7.00 3.63 5.05 7.00 3.63 5.05

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.

This report was funded in part by a grant from the United States Department of State.

ENACT is funded by the European Union and implemented by the Institute for Security Studies and INTERPOL, in affiliation with the Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime.

The opinions, findings and conclusions stated herein are those of the Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime and do not necessarily reflect those of the United States Department of State.