The Organized Crime Index | ENACT
Year:
Eastern Asia
x
Dominican Republic

Profile

Eastern Asia

Gross domestic product (GDP)

USD 24,501,226.44 million

Population

1,619,106,160

Countries

China, Japan, Korea, DPR, Korea, Rep., Mongolia.

4.80-0.05

Criminality score

4th of 5 regions in Asia 0

Criminal markets

4.710.09

An assessment of the value, prevalence and non-monetary impacts of a specific crime type.

Human trafficking

6.200.20

Illicit activity involving coercion, deception, abduction or fraud for the purpose of exploitation, regardless of the victim’s consent.

Human smuggling

5.000.10

Activities by an organized crime group involving the illegal entry, transit or residence of migrants for a financial or material benefit.

Extortion & protection racketeering

3.30 n/a

Crimes linked to exerting control over a territory/market including as a mediator and/or requesting a benefit in exchange for protection.

Arms trafficking

4.00-0.30

The sale, acquisition, movement, and diversion of arms, their parts and ammunition from legal to illegal commerce and/or across borders.

Trade in counterfeit goods

5.20 n/a

The production, transport, storage and sale of goods that are fraudulently mislabeled or fraudulent imitations of registered brands.

Illicit trade in excisable goods

3.40 n/a

The illicit transport, handling and sale of excise consumer goods despite a ban or outside a legal market. Excludes oil and counterfeits.

Flora crimes

4.900.30

The illicit trade and possession of species covered by CITES convention, and other species protected under national law.

Fauna crimes

5.30-0.10

The poaching, illicit trade in and possession of species covered by CITES and other species protected by national law. Includes IUU fishing.

Non-renewable resource crimes

4.500.40

The illicit extraction, smuggling, mingling, bunkering or mining of natural resources and the illicit trade of such commodities.

Heroin trade

3.500.00

The production, distribution and sale of heroin. Consumption of the drug is considered in determining the reach of the criminal market.

Cocaine trade

2.70-0.10

The production, distribution and sale of cocaine and its derivatives. Consumption is considered in determining the reach of the market.

Cannabis trade

4.10-0.20

The illicit cultivation, distribution and sale of cannabis oil, resin, herb or leaves. Consumption is used to determine the market's reach.

Synthetic drug trade

6.300.00

The production, distribution and sale of synthetic drugs. Consumption is considered in determining the reach of the market.

Cyber-dependent crimes

6.10 n/a

Organized crimes that rely solely on using information communications technology with the aim of obtaining a monetary/material benefit.

Financial crimes

6.10 n/a

Organized crime that results in a monetary loss via financial fraud, embezzlement, misuse of funds, tax evasion and abusive tax avoidance.

Criminal actors

4.90-0.18

An assessment of the impact and influence of a specific criminal actor type on society.

Mafia-style groups

4.20-0.40

Clearly defined organized crime groups that usually have a known name, defined leadership, territorial control and identifiable membership.

Criminal networks

5.100.00

Loose networks of criminal associates engaging in criminal activities who fail to meet the defining characteristics of mafia-style groups.

State-embedded actors

5.900.10

Criminal actors that are embedded in, and act from within, the state’s apparatus.

Foreign actors

4.800.00

State and/or non-state criminal actors operating outside their home country. Includes foreign nationals and diaspora groups.

Private sector actors

4.50 n/a

Profit-seeking individuals/entities who own/control a part of the legal economy free from the state, that collaborate with criminal actors.

5.630.13

Resilience score

1st of 5 regions in Asia 0

Political leadership & governance

5.800.10

The State's role in responding to organized crime and its effectiveness. Strong political leadership/governance suggests higher resilience.

Government transparency and accountability

5.100.20

The degree to which states have put oversight mechanisms in place to ensure against state collusion in illicit activities.

International cooperation

6.400.20

A country's supranational structures and processes of interaction, policy making and concrete implementation to respond to organized crime.

National policies and laws

6.500.30

A state's legal action and structures put in place to respond to organized crime.

Judicial system and detention

5.500.10

Refers to a state’s judiciary’s power to effectively and independently enforce judgments on organized crime-related cases.

Law enforcement

5.600.10

The state’s ability to investigate, gather intelligence, protect and enforce adherence to its rules and procedures against organized crime.

Territorial integrity

7.000.30

The degree to which states are able to control their physical and cyber territory and infrastructure against organized criminal activities.

Anti-money laundering

5.500.30

A state’s ability to implement measures to combat money laundering and other related threats to the integrity of its financial system.

Economic regulatory capacity

5.400.10

The ability to control/manage the economy and regulate transactions (national and international) for trade to thrive within the rule of law.

Victim and witness support

4.400.20

Assistance provided to victims of various forms of organized crime, including initiatives such as witness protection programs.

Prevention

5.40-0.10

Refers to the existence of strategies, measures, resource allocation, programmes and processes that are aimed to inhibit organized crime.

Non-state actors

4.90-0.30

The degree non-state actors are allowed to engage in OC responses and their roles in supporting State efforts/ as watchdogs to governments.

5.63 4.90 4.71 5.63 4.90 4.71

Profile

Dominican Republic

Capital

Santo Domingo

Gross domestic product (GDP)

USD 94,243.45 million

Income group

Upper middle income

Population

11,117,873

Area

48,670 km²

Geography type

Coastal

5.02-0.13

Criminality score

94th of 193 countries 14

20th of 35 countries in Americas4.00

4th of 13 countries in Caribbean1.00

Criminal markets

5.13-0.17

An assessment of the value, prevalence and non-monetary impacts of a specific crime type.

Human trafficking

6.500.50

Illicit activity involving coercion, deception, abduction or fraud for the purpose of exploitation, regardless of the victim’s consent.

Human smuggling

6.000.00

Activities by an organized crime group involving the illegal entry, transit or residence of migrants for a financial or material benefit.

Extortion & protection racketeering

4.00 n/a

Crimes linked to exerting control over a territory/market including as a mediator and/or requesting a benefit in exchange for protection.

Arms trafficking

4.000.00

The sale, acquisition, movement, and diversion of arms, their parts and ammunition from legal to illegal commerce and/or across borders.

Trade in counterfeit goods

5.50 n/a

The production, transport, storage and sale of goods that are fraudulently mislabeled or fraudulent imitations of registered brands.

Illicit trade in excisable goods

4.50 n/a

The illicit transport, handling and sale of excise consumer goods despite a ban or outside a legal market. Excludes oil and counterfeits.

Flora crimes

5.000.50

The illicit trade and possession of species covered by CITES convention, and other species protected under national law.

Fauna crimes

4.000.00

The poaching, illicit trade in and possession of species covered by CITES and other species protected by national law. Includes IUU fishing.

Non-renewable resource crimes

4.500.00

The illicit extraction, smuggling, mingling, bunkering or mining of natural resources and the illicit trade of such commodities.

Heroin trade

6.500.00

The production, distribution and sale of heroin. Consumption of the drug is considered in determining the reach of the criminal market.

Cocaine trade

8.000.00

The production, distribution and sale of cocaine and its derivatives. Consumption is considered in determining the reach of the market.

Cannabis trade

5.500.50

The illicit cultivation, distribution and sale of cannabis oil, resin, herb or leaves. Consumption is used to determine the market's reach.

Synthetic drug trade

4.500.00

The production, distribution and sale of synthetic drugs. Consumption is considered in determining the reach of the market.

Cyber-dependent crimes

3.50 n/a

Organized crimes that rely solely on using information communications technology with the aim of obtaining a monetary/material benefit.

Financial crimes

5.00 n/a

Organized crime that results in a monetary loss via financial fraud, embezzlement, misuse of funds, tax evasion and abusive tax avoidance.

Criminal actors

4.90-0.10

An assessment of the impact and influence of a specific criminal actor type on society.

Mafia-style groups

5.000.00

Clearly defined organized crime groups that usually have a known name, defined leadership, territorial control and identifiable membership.

Criminal networks

5.500.00

Loose networks of criminal associates engaging in criminal activities who fail to meet the defining characteristics of mafia-style groups.

State-embedded actors

5.500.00

Criminal actors that are embedded in, and act from within, the state’s apparatus.

Foreign actors

4.000.00

State and/or non-state criminal actors operating outside their home country. Includes foreign nationals and diaspora groups.

Private sector actors

4.50 n/a

Profit-seeking individuals/entities who own/control a part of the legal economy free from the state, that collaborate with criminal actors.

4.79-0.71

Resilience score

99th of 193 countries 0.00

21st of 35 countries in Americas0.00

11th of 13 countries in Caribbean1.00

Political leadership & governance

5.000.00

The State's role in responding to organized crime and its effectiveness. Strong political leadership/governance suggests higher resilience.

Government transparency and accountability

3.000.00

The degree to which states have put oversight mechanisms in place to ensure against state collusion in illicit activities.

International cooperation

7.500.50

A country's supranational structures and processes of interaction, policy making and concrete implementation to respond to organized crime.

National policies and laws

5.000.00

A state's legal action and structures put in place to respond to organized crime.

Judicial system and detention

4.000.00

Refers to a state’s judiciary’s power to effectively and independently enforce judgments on organized crime-related cases.

Law enforcement

5.000.50

The state’s ability to investigate, gather intelligence, protect and enforce adherence to its rules and procedures against organized crime.

Territorial integrity

5.500.00

The degree to which states are able to control their physical and cyber territory and infrastructure against organized criminal activities.

Anti-money laundering

4.000.00

A state’s ability to implement measures to combat money laundering and other related threats to the integrity of its financial system.

Economic regulatory capacity

5.000.00

The ability to control/manage the economy and regulate transactions (national and international) for trade to thrive within the rule of law.

Victim and witness support

4.000.00

Assistance provided to victims of various forms of organized crime, including initiatives such as witness protection programs.

Prevention

4.500.50

Refers to the existence of strategies, measures, resource allocation, programmes and processes that are aimed to inhibit organized crime.

Non-state actors

5.000.00

The degree non-state actors are allowed to engage in OC responses and their roles in supporting State efforts/ as watchdogs to governments.

4.79 4.90 5.13 4.79 4.90 5.13

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.

How to measure organized crime?

A series of 13 discussion papers, one for each illicit market considered during the development of the Index.

Read more on globalinitiative.net
How to measure organized crime?

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This report was funded in part by a grant from the United States Department of State.

ENACT is funded by the European Union and implemented by the Institute for Security Studies and INTERPOL, in affiliation with the Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime.

The opinions, findings and conclusions stated herein are those of the Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime and do not necessarily reflect those of the United States Department of State.