Australia and New Zealand
x
Central America

Profile

Australia and New Zealand

GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT (GDP)

USD 1,603,495.78 million

Population

30,345,045

Area

8,008,930 km²

Countries

Australia, New Zealand.

3.63

Criminality score

1st of 4 regions in Oceania

Criminal market

3.50

Human trafficking

3.50

Human smuggling

3.25

Arms trafficking

3.25

Flora crimes

2.50

Fauna crimes

3.50

Non-renewable resource crimes

1.75

Heroin trade

3.25

Cocaine trade

4.00

Cannabis trade

3.75

Synthetic drug trade

6.25

Criminal actors

3.75

Mafia-style groups

4.75

Criminal networks

4.75

State-embedded actors

1.75

Foreign actors

3.75

8.17

Resilience score

1st of 4 regions in Oceania

Political leadership and governance

8.25

Government transparency and accountability

8.50

International cooperation

8.75

National policies and laws

8.25

Judicial system and detention

8.00

Law enforcement

8.25

Territorial integrity

8.75

Anti-money laundering

7.50

Economic regulatory capacity

7.75

Victim and witness support

8.00

Prevention

7.75

Non-state actors

8.25

8.17 3.75 3.50 8.17 3.75 3.50

Profile

Central America

GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT (GDP)

USD 1,540,701.65 million

Population

176,609,080

Area

2,486,555 km²

Countries

Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama.

6.17

Criminality score

1st of 4 regions in Americas

Criminal market

5.72

Human trafficking

6.44

Human smuggling

6.19

Arms trafficking

6.25

Flora crimes

5.75

Fauna crimes

5.88

Non-renewable resource crimes

4.75

Heroin trade

3.88

Cocaine trade

7.44

Cannabis trade

6.25

Synthetic drug trade

4.38

Criminal actors

6.61

Mafia-style groups

7.50

Criminal networks

6.56

State-embedded actors

6.50

Foreign actors

5.88

4.05

Resilience score

4th of 4 regions in Americas

Political leadership and governance

3.75

Government transparency and accountability

3.56

International cooperation

5.13

National policies and laws

4.94

Judicial system and detention

3.44

Law enforcement

4.31

Territorial integrity

3.94

Anti-money laundering

3.81

Economic regulatory capacity

3.56

Victim and witness support

3.56

Prevention

4.06

Non-state actors

4.56

4.05 6.61 5.72 4.05 6.61 5.72

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.

This report was funded in part by a grant from the United States Department of State.

ENACT is funded by the European Union and implemented by the Institute for Security Studies and INTERPOL, in affiliation with the Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime.

The opinions, findings and conclusions stated herein are those of the Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime and do not necessarily reflect those of the United States Department of State.