Africa overall score for

Non-renewable-resource crimes

5.28

The Index includes the illicit extraction, smuggling, mingling, bunkering or mining of natural resources. It also covers any illicit activities related to the trade of such products, including price mis-invoicing. As with other ‘environmental’ markets, to account for the wide range of natural resources throughout the African continent, the Index covers the ‘top three’ commodities in each country, including for example oil, gold, gas, gemstones, diamonds and precious metals.

The Index includes the illicit extraction, smuggling, mingling, bunkering or mining of natural resources. It also covers any illicit activities related to the trade of such products, including price mis-invoicing. As with other ‘environmental’ markets, to account for the wide range of natural resources throughout the African continent, the Index covers the ‘top three’ commodities in each country, including for example oil, gold, gas, gemstones, diamonds and precious metals.

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The criminal markets score is represented by the pyramid base size and the criminal actors score is represented by the pyramid height, on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. The resilience score is represented by the panel height, which can be identified by the side of the panel.